Review 2 answered

Review 2 answered - Public Opinion attitude and complex...

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Public Opinion attitude and complex collection of citizens opinion concerning a giving issue or question Sampling = statistical practice; selection of an unbiased or random subset of individual observations within a population of individuals Margin of Error = a statistic expressing the amount of random sampling error in a survey 's results; the larger the error, the less certainty there can be in the results Direction vs. Intensity in polling = direction=agree or disagree and intensity= how strongly someone agrees or disagrees. Who are main agents of political socialization? = Family, Media, Friends, Teachers, Religion, Race, Gender, Age and Geography; P.S . is the study of the developmental processes by which children and adolescents acquire political cognition, attitudes and behaviors What is party identification? = political term to describe a voter 's underlying allegiance to a political party Closed vs. Open ended questions . = a closed question can be answered with either a single word or a short phrase such as “yes” or “no”; open ended questions are likely to receive longer responses that show the opinions and/or feelings of the respondent Why should survey responses be rotated? = To create a balance of opinion and letting the voters form their own opinion. Political Parties Why created? They shape elections, define political disputes, and organize Congress Who do they work for ? Supposedly for the good of the people under the government’s rule . What do they do ? They shape elections, define political disputes, and organize Congress Responsible Party Model = a. Each party offers a clear and coherent program (party platform) b. Voters choose between party candidates c. Winning party seeks to govern by platform d. Next election voters can punish or reward governing party Political Machine Era : Machine Party politics ran from the 1830s to 1890s.
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What did parties provide for voters? Voters could trade their votes for benefits (according to our notes) What did they ask in return? Voter Loyalty How do they make sure voters followed through ? Parties printed straight ticket ballots to watch how people voted. Progressive Reforms : (1890-1920) Secret ballot, government printed ballot, anti-corruption laws, Candidate Selection through Primary voting (i.e. Direct Primary) Why are 3rd parties important at times in US history? I think its because 3 rd parties have an influence on independent voters therefore even if they don’t win power, whoever they choose to endorse from either party will mostl likely win. USA has which type of electoral system?
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Review 2 answered - Public Opinion attitude and complex...

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