rpp2010-rev-technicolor

rpp2010-rev-technicolor - 1 DYNAMICAL ELECTROWEAK SYMMETRY...

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–1– DYNAMICAL ELECTROWEAK SYMMETRY BREAKING Revised August 2009 by R.S. Chivukula (Michigan State Uni- versity), M. Narain (Brown University), and J. Womersley (STFC, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory). In theories of dynamical electroweak symmetry breaking, the electroweak interactions are broken to electromagnetism by the vacuum expectation value of a fermion bilinear. These theories may thereby avoid the introduction of fundamental scalar particles, of which we have no examples in nature. In this note, we review the status of experimental searches for the particles predicted in technicolor, topcolor, and related models. The limits from these searches are summarized in Table 1. I. Technicolor The earliest models [1,2] of dynamical electroweak symme- try breaking [3] include a new asymptotically free non-abelian gauge theory (“technicolor”) and additional massless fermions (“technifermions” transforming under a vectorial representation of the gauge group) which feel this new force. The global chiral symmetry of the fermions is spontaneously broken by the for- mation of a technifermion condensate, just as the approximate chiral SU(2) × SU (2) symmetry in QCD is broken down to SU(2) isospin by the formation of a quark condensate. If the quantum numbers of the technifermions are chosen correctly ( e.g. ,b y choosing technifermions in the fundamental representation of an SU( N ) technicolor gauge group, with the left-handed tech- nifermions being weak doublets and the right-handed ones weak singlets), this condensate can break the electroweak interactions down to electromagnetism. The breaking of the global chiral symmetries implies the existence of Goldstone bosons, the “technipions” ( π T ). Through the Higgs mechanism, three of the Goldstone bosons become the longitudinal components of the W and Z ,andth ew e ak gauge bosons acquire a mass proportional to the technipion decay constant (the analog of f π in QCD). The quantum numbers and masses of any remaining technipions are model- dependent. There may be technipions which are colored (octets and triplets), as well as those carrying electroweak quantum CITATION: K. Nakamura et al. (Particle Data Group), JPG
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–2– Table 1: Summary of the mass limits. Sym- bols are deFned in the text. Process Excluded mass range Decay channels Ref. p p ρ T T 170 <m ρ T < 215 GeV ρ T T [19] and 80 <m π T < 115 GeV π 0 T b b for M V = 500 GeV π ± T b c p p ω T γπ T 140 <m ω T < 290 GeV ω T γπ T [20] for m π T m ω T / 3 π 0 T b b and M T = 100 GeV π ± T b c p p ω T T m ω T = m ρ T < 203 GeV ω T T ± + ± [21] for m ω T <m π T + m W or M T > 200 GeV m ω T = m ρ T < 280 GeV ω T T ± + ± [22] for m ω T <m π T + m W or M T > 500 GeV e + e ω T T 90 <m ρ T < 206 . 7GeV ρ T WW , [23] m π T < 79 . 8GeV T
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rpp2010-rev-technicolor - 1 DYNAMICAL ELECTROWEAK SYMMETRY...

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