Biology - Mission Evade the Human Immune System Plasmodium...

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Mission : Evade the Human Immune System Plasmodium sp. ’s Evasion of the Immune System Plasmodium sp. is a parasitic protozoa known for the role that it plays in causing Malaria, one of the most researched diseases due to the fact that it is one of the most fatal. Malaria continues to be a particular problem in Asia, Africa, South and Central America and is associated with 300 to 500 million clinical cases and over 1 million deaths per year. Of those, the vast majority are children under the age of 5 1 . Putting things more into perspective, that’s approximately 3000 deaths per day in Africa. Plasmodium sp . can be classified into four different species: Plasmodium falciparum , Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium ovale with Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax being the most prevalent. Symptoms of Malaria can usually be seen anytime between 10 days to 4 weeks after infection and some of these symptoms that can be observed are Anemia, convulsions, headaches, muscle pain, nausea and vomiting just to name a few. The human immune system is a system of biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease by identifying and killing pathogens and tumor cells. It detects a wide variety of agents and needs to differentiate them from the organism's own healthy cells
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