Foundations of Behavior in Organization

Foundations of Behavior in Organization - Foundations of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Foundations of Behavior in Organization Chapter 15 Organizational Behavior / OB/ OB is an interdisciplinary field dedicated to the study of human attitudes, behavior,and performance in organizations OB draws concepts from many disciplines , including psychology, sociology,economics , ethics, etc By understanding what causes people to behave as they do, managers can exercise leadership to achieve positive outcomes. They can foster behaviors such as Organizational citizenship, that is work behavior that goes beyond job requirements and contributes as needed to the organizations success . Three elements of positive attitudes Behavioral scientists consider attitudes to have components: cognitions /thoughts/, affect /feelings/ and behavior. The cognitive component of an attitude includes the beliefs, opinions , and information the person has about the object of the attitude. The affective component is the persons emotions or feelings about the object of the attitude. The behavioral component of an attitude is the persons intention to behave toward the object of the attitude in a certain way. Three elements of positive attitudes For example: The cognitive element is the conscious thought that my job is interesting The affective element is the feeling that I love this job These , in turn, are related to the behavioral intention to act Im going to get to work early with a smile on my face Work Related Attitudes Job satisfaction . In general, people experience this attitude when their work matches their needs and interests, when working conditions and rewards are satisfactory, and when the employees like their co- workers. Another important attitude is organizational commitment , which is loyalty to and heavy involvement in the organization. An employee with a high degree of organizational commitment is likely to say we when talking about the organization Conflicts Among Attitudes Cognitive dissonance a psychological discomfort that occurs when individuals recognize inconsistencies in their own attitudes and behaviors. For example, a persons high level of organizational commitment may conflict with that persons commitment to family members.If employees routinely work evenings and weekends , their long hours and dedication to the job may conflict with their belief that family ties are important. Personality In the workplace , we find people whose behavior is consistently pleasant or aggressive or stubborn in...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 06/05/2011 for the course MANAGMENT 25 taught by Professor Fu during the Spring '11 term at Asbury.

Page1 / 30

Foundations of Behavior in Organization - Foundations of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online