Motivation in Organizations

Motivation in - Motivation in Organizations Chapter 17 The Concept of Motivation Motivation refers to the forces either within or external to a

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Motivation in Organizations Chapter 17
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The Concept of Motivation Motivation refers to the forces either within or external to a person that arouse enthusiasm and persistence to pursue a certain course of action . According to a simple model of human motivation people have basic needs, such as for food, achievement, or monetary gain, that translate into an internal tension that motivates specific behaviors with which to fulfill the needs. To the extent that the behavior is successful, the person is rewarded in the sense that the needs satisfied.
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The Concept of Motivation Reward are two types: intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic rewards are the satisfactions a person receives in the process of performing a particular action. Extrinsic rewards are given by another person, typically a manager, and include promotions and pay increases. The importance of motivation is that it can lead to behaviors that reflect high performance within organization
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Foundations of Motivation Three distinct perspectives on employee motivation that have evolved are the traditional approach, the human relations approach, and the human resources approach. The most recent theories about motivation represent a fourth perspective called contemporary approach.
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Foundations of Motivation Traditional approach emphasis on pay evolved into the perception of workers as economic people -people who would work harder for higher pay. This approach led to the development of incentive pay systems, in which people were paid strictly on the quantity and quality of their work outputs.
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Foundations of Motivation Human relations approach . The economic man was gradually replaced by a more sociable employee – the social man . Noneconomic rewards , such as congenial work groups who met social needs, seemed more important than money as a motivator of work The human resource approach carries the concepts of economic man and social man farther to introduce the concept of the whole person . Human resource approach suggests that employees are complex and motivated by many factors.
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Contemporary Approaches Contemporary approaches to employee motivation are dominated by three types of theories. The first are content theories , which stress the analysis of underlying human needs. Content theories provide insight into the needs of people in organizations and help managers understand how needs can be satisfied in the workplace. Process theories concern the thought processes that influence behavior. They focus on how employees seek rewards in work circumstances. Reinforcement theories focus on employee learning of desired work behaviors
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Content perspectives on Motivation Content theories – a group of theories that emphasize the needs that motivate people. Hierarchy of needs theory
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2011 for the course MANAGMENT 25 taught by Professor Fu during the Spring '11 term at Asbury.

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Motivation in - Motivation in Organizations Chapter 17 The Concept of Motivation Motivation refers to the forces either within or external to a

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