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Bio1201-Lab12 - #$ $&$/0$'$ Homeostasis 1*2*$3#4*5$678$...

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Homeostasis !"# %&’%()*+ %& ,-."/0 &’%’ 1*2*/* 3#4*5 678 9:#4*;<"9=9><7?<@/=?>[email protected] B%C(&D’(EFDF
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Exchange with the environment • An animal’s size and shape directly affect how it exchanges energy and materials with its surroundings • Exchange occurs as substances dissolved in the aqueous medium diffuse and are transported across the cells’ plasma membranes • For unicellular organisms (and very small animals), exchanging material with the environment occurs by simple diffusion
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Exchange with the environment • For larger animals, this poses a challenge… • Food, nutrients, and oxygen must be delivered to all cells of the organism, and CO 2 and wastes must be removed • Thus, evolution’s solution to this problem (circulation) will dominated the body plan of all animals • Also, animals must provide an aqueous environment for all cells!
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Interstitial Fluid – the internal aqueous liquid that bathes all cells (in vertebrates) – Constantly refreshed by diffusion exchange with bloodstream – Maintains constant temp, pH, [salt], [glucose], etc. through entire body Homeostasis - steady-state or internal balance – …is “dynamically responsive,” reacts to changes to maintain stability !"#$"%&’%(%
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Bio1201-Lab12 - #$ $&$/0$'$ Homeostasis 1*2*$3#4*5$678$...

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