Chocolate is a key ingredient in many foods such as ice cream, cakes, milk
shakes, candy bars, cookies and cereals. Chocolate is a favorite for kids and adults alike.
Despite its popularity, most people do not know the unique origins of this popular
indulgence. There is something special about it
Chocolate is a product that requires a
long and complicated process to produce. The procedures involve harvesting coca,
refining coca to cocoa beans, and shipping the cocoa beans to the manufacturing factory
for cleaning, coaching and grinding. The cocoa beans will then be exported or imported
to other places or countries and be applicant into different types of chocolate products
As its name implies, cocoa beans are the primary component of chocolate.
However, other ingredients are added, such as sugar or other sweeteners and flavoring
Chocolate starts with a tree called the cacao tree (
). The cacao
tree is a tropical plant that grows only within 20 degrees latitude of the equatorial regions,
especially in Ivory Coast, Ghana, Indonesia, Brazil, Nigeria, Cameroon and Malaysia
The cacao tree produces a fruit or pod about the size of 6-10 inches long and 3-4
inches in diameter. Inside the pod are the tree's seeds, also known as cocoa beans
the 30 to 40 pods on a typical cacao tree, no more than half will be mature. Only the
matured pods can be harvested, as only they will produce top quality ingredients.
After being cut from the trees with machetes or knives mounted on poles, they are
opened at the plantation with a large knife or machete. Later, the beans inside are
manually removed. Still tangled with pulp from the pods, the seeds are piled on the
ground, where they are allowed to heat beneath the sun for several days. Nevertheless,
some plantations also dry the beans mechanically to increase the production rate.
After that, enzymes from the pulp combine with wild and airborne yeasts to cause