Comm 1100 Public Speaking notes

Comm 1100 Public Speaking notes - Comm1100PublicSpeaking...

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Comm 1100 – Public Speaking 15/09/2009 14:05:00 Chapter 17 Methods of Message Delivery Four Major Methods of Message Delivery: Extemporaneous - conversational impromptu manuscript  memorized  Extemporaneous Conversational style of speaking Advantages o Time to research and organize o Improved eye contact o Sense of security o Increased ownership/credibility Impromptu Little to no preparation – ex. When you answer a question in class
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Tips  o Make a point o Jot down notes o Organize thoughts (problem/solution, cause/effect,  past/present/future/, pros/cons, one theme) o Time is appropriately o Be brief Common Errors o Don’t apologize o Don’t talk to hear yourself speak o Don’t ramble o Don’t make a point that has already been made o Don’t use impromptu for all speeches Manuscript Reading verbatim Reasons to avoid  o Patterns of written language can be less listenable o Eye contact is compromised o Syntax and word pronunciation can be problematic o Audience may perceive a lack of ownership (words could be someone  else’s) Reasons to use
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o Precise message must be communicated o Highly emotional occasion calls for focus o Exact timing is needed o Text of speech will be publish or analyzed  Tips o Adequate preparation time o Conversational language patterns may be helpful o Use easy to read manuscript (physical)  o Practice until fluid (conversational-like) o Teleprompter use is a must in many businesses Memorized Speech Completely committed to memory Problems o Lose train of though o Less secure o Communication is compromised o Eye contact is difficult  Tips o Memorize key parts o Memorize toasts or acceptance speeches
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o Memorize the speaking outline  Chapter 21 –  Voice Paralanguage – vocal qualities “assist” language o Tone o Pitch  o inflection Disfluencies – disruptions in the flow of words o Verbal junk (um, uh, and like) Voice and Meaning Emotional Tone o Quality of voice that conveys emotions Volume o Loud vs. Soft (space, sentence endings, mic) Fluency  o Smoothness of language delivery, how words and sentences fit  together (silent pause, verbal junk) Articulation
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o Clarity of individual speech sounds (mumbling, saying the wrong word) Pace  o Speed at which language is produced (slow vs fast) Slow – lose listeners Fast – may not understand  Pitch and inflection o Pitch = high or low (musical scale) o Inflection = manipulating pitch for meaning o Avoid monotone and high/squeaky Ch 22 Body Eye contact o Shows you want to communicate, are prepared, sincere, etc…allow 
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Comm 1100 Public Speaking notes - Comm1100PublicSpeaking...

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