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study guide 1 - 1 Benefits of Public Speaking a Academic i...

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1) Benefits of Public Speaking a. Academic i. Speaking skill ii. Critical thinking iii. Writing b. Career i. Interview ii. On the job c. Personal i. Community engagement ii. Confidence in social situations 2) Public speaking is Transactional communication a. Flows in two directions – speaker and listener are senders and receivers i. Sender – the speaker, ii. receiver – the audience, iii. frame of reference – individual worldview based on background, age, education, gender, causes. Politics, economic status, that influences the creation of the speaker’s message and the listener’s interpretation of the message iv. message – the verbal and nonverbal content that the speaker transmits to listeners, v. channel – the means by which messages and feedback are transmitted between speaker and audience, vi. noise – anything that prevent the audience and the speaker from understanding each other’s messages (internal, external, social, organizational, psychological), context 3) Ethical Speaking a. How does it affect the outcome, speaker and audience i. Not as credible ii. Not trusted as much iii. Must tell the truth b. Strategies to use i. Up front ii. Truthful, accurate materials (give credit) iii. Concrete language iv. Be inclusive with audience v. Avoid verbal attack vi. Respect others time vii. Accept responsibility 4) How to avoid plagiarism a. Prepare early and manage time b. System for taking notes c. Use multiple resources
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d. Give verbal credit 5) Avoiding nervousness and stage fright a. Avoid a performance orientation b. Keep audience in communicate mode i. Be prepared ii. Sleep and eat iii. Avoid caffeine iv. Breathe deeply beforehand v. Take a walk vi. Know how to recover 6) What’s a channel? The means by which messages and feedback are transmitted between speaker and audience. a. Ex. Visual – gestures, posture, eye contact, dress, photographs, and pie chards b. Auditory – spoken words, tone of voice and sound clips c. Media – web broadcasts, radio, television 7) noise a. psychological/internal – daydreaming, worries, distractions b. environmental/external noise – cell phone ring, crying babies, loud AC, busses passing c. social noise – baises, unyielding attitudes, prejudices d. organizational – poor structure; hard to follow train of thought e.
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