Levitt's Comparative Law Index_ Comparative Legal Systems Class_ Quiz 1D

Levitt's Comparative Law Index_ Comparative Legal Systems Class_ Quiz 1D

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Unformatted text preview: Levitt's Comparative Law Index: Comparative Legal Systems Class: Quiz 1 1/19/09 10:04 AM Welcome to Levitt's Comparative Law Links Page: Comparative Legal Systems Class: INTRODUCTION TO GERMAN LEGAL SYSTEM AS REPRESENTATIVE OF THE CIVIL LAW TRADITION HOW HAS THE HISTORY OF GERMANY SHAPED ITS LAW AND IN PARTICULAR ITS CONSTITUTION THE GERMAN CONSTITUTION OF 1949: A NEW START BASIC LAW: PROTECTION OF THE INDIVIDUAL, MILITANT DEMOCRACY Why study of German law as illustrative of the Civil law tradition ? (Students might wish to consider the style of German judgments and the style of French judgments) Some comments on modern German history and its influence on the legal system If you examine the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany as written in 1949 one notices that the very first section concerns protection of fundamental human rights. How does this fact relate directly to the excesses of the National Socialist period? Can one argue that the German constitution, written in 1949 is more protective of human rights than the American Constitution of 1789? There are few major differences between the procedure of constitutional review in Germany and the process of constitutional review in the United States. (Students should consider carefully article 93 of the German Constitution and compare the careful wording of this section with the principles enunciated in the American case of Marbury v. Madison. Why would we say that American constitutional review examines the dispute after the harm is done ? Why would one say that in Germany today the Constitutional Court may intervene before the harm is done ? What has been the influence of American constitutional law upon the course of development of German constitutional law subsequent to the Second World War? What were the conditions in Germany after World War II? Students should consider: i. division of the nation and occupation by 4 powers ii. lost territory iii. destroyed cities iv. the significance of unconditional surrender v. the expulsion of Germans from Poland and the Czech Republic How did the United States support democracy in the Federal Republic of Germany. Students should consider: i. Nato ii. The Marshall Plan How does the economic history of Germany possibly relate to Germans' acceptance of democracy ? What were the conditions in the 1920s after the Weimar Constitution was enacted? What were the conditions in the 1950s when democracy was again established ? Students should consider: http://www.nova.edu/~levitts/comlaw/week4.html Page 1 of 4 Levitt's Comparative Law Index: Comparative Legal Systems Class: Quiz 1 1/19/09 10:04 AM i. The Inflation of 1922/3 ii. The Great Depression of 1933 iii. The "Wirtschaftswunder" of the 1950s Students should consider the signficance of Article 1 of the German Constitution! Students should consider the signficance of Article 20 of the Germany Constitution. What is a federal state ? What is a social state ? What is a democratic states? An examination of the German Abortion case as it pertains to German constitutional law is illustrative of a number of the points made above. How did the Abortion case come before the German Constitutional Court ? Who asked the German Constitutional Court to examine this piece of legislation? In the United States when a case comes before the Supreme Court, it has often been heard by two lower courts. How do German courts deal with constitutional problems in such a way that the plaintiff, to get a response from the highest court, does not have to appeal the decision a number of times? Germans pride themselves as being nation bound by the rule of law. (Rechtstaat) Can this obedience to law be taken too far? How does the German concept of law influence daily life today? (a few interesting stories) a. naming a child b. taking a shower after hours c. putting up a sign in front of a store d. entering and leaving the country e. regulation of automobiles ( TUV) f. regulation of travel agents g. the carrying of identity cards and registration with the police authorities Why was the Socialist Reich Party declared to Constitutional Court ? be "unconstitutional" by the Federal What factors did the Federal Constitutional Court take into consideration in order to reach this conclusion ? What does the German office for the protection of the Constitution do? In the Civil Servant Loyalty Case, why did the Federal Constitutional Court uphold the validity of the Statute from Schleswig- Holstein which required that civil servants be loyal to the state and its constitutional order (free democratic order) ? In the Lebach case, what relief was sought by the plaintiff? What provisions of the Constitution of 1949 did he rely upon? Why did the Federal Constitutional Court prohibit the German television station from broadcasting the play based on Mr. Lebach's life ? History of Germany From 1945 to 1990- especially important events in terms of Constitutional Development May 8th 1945 Collapse of the Third Reich, Unconditional Surrender: beginning of 4 power occupation Nov 20 1945 Nuremberg Trials begin June 24, 1948 Berlin Blockade http://www.nova.edu/~levitts/comlaw/week4.html Page 2 of 4 Levitt's Comparative Law Index: Comparative Legal Systems Class: Quiz 1 1/19/09 10:04 AM May 23, 1949 Basic Law Comes into Effect, former British French and American zones become Federal Republic of Germany June 17, 1953 Revolt in East Germany suppressed by Russians 1950's Wirtschaftswunder (Economic Miracle) in "West" Germany ( Marshall Plan for Western Europe) Aug 13, 1961 Construction of Berlin Wall Oct 3rd, 1990 German Unification Enhancement Ernest Benda, "Constitutional Jurisdiction in West Germany", from 19 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law pp. 1- 13 Federal Republic of Germany: Questions and Answers pages 19 to 28 (very important!) Comparative Legal Traditions, "The West German Abortion Decision", pp 86- 106. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany: Essays on the Basic Rights and Principles of the Basic Law with a Translation of the Basic Law pp. 11- 24, "An Introduction to the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany" pp. 25- 44, "The Special Character of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany as a Free Democratic Basic Order" Major European Governments , pp. 317- 334 European Politics Today, pp. 209- 230 The Two Germanies Since 1945, pp. 1- 53 "Defeat, Cold War and Division" and "The Birth of Two New Governments". Interesting and Related Web Sites Germany After 1945 Yalta Conference, February 1945 The Avalon Project : YALTA (CRIMEA) CONFERENCE Potsdam Conference CNN Cold War - Historical Document: Potsdam Agreement The Cline Photo Archive, Berlin 1945 The Avalon Project : Agreement Between the Governments of the United Kingdom, the United States of America, and the Uni on of Soviet Socialist Republics, and the Provisional Government of the French Republic on Certain Additional Requirements to be Imposed on Germany; September 20, 1945 The Marshall Plan 50th Anniversary of the Marshall Plan Speech from OECD The Marshall Plan (1947) from civnet Berlin Airlift Veterans Association Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the United States. 1989. Harry S. Truman: Inaugural Address. The Avalon Project : NATO Treaty; April 4, 1949 The Coldwar, from the University of San Diego BiW:The Berlin Wall http://www.nova.edu/~levitts/comlaw/week4.html Page 3 of 4 Levitt's Comparative Law Index: Comparative Legal Systems Class: Quiz 1 1/19/09 10:04 AM The Fall of the Berlin Wall The Berlin Wall Falls German Unification: A Progess Report The "German question" and its present strategic implications, Virgil George Baleanu, July 1994 The German Constitution and German Law Extracts from the Weimar Constitution German Constitution (whole thing) via Brigham Young University German Constitution (by sections) via University of the Saarland German Constitution (by sections) via University of Würzburg: German Constitution via German Government Server German Constitution (whole thing) via Keele University, England News bulletins of the German Federal Constitutional Court (in english) The German American Law Gopher German Law: Resources in English (from the University of Saarbrücken) German Law Archive from Oxford University Library of Congress: Guide to Law Online: Germany German Parliament Bundestag of the Federal Republic of Germany (English Page) German Political, Legal and Constitutional System Germany in the World/ International Affairs Germany: Map, Country, People, Federal States RETURN to comparative law pages Comments to: Stephen Ross Levitt Updated: October, 2000 Copyright Stephen Ross Levitt http://www.nova.edu/~levitts/comlaw/week4.html Page 4 of 4 ...
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