International_Environment

International_Environment - International Environmental...

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International Environmental Policy What global efforts have been made to save the Earth? How successful have they been?
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Environmental values 3/4 of the world’s nations gain more economic benefits from their natural resources than their entire industrial segments. It is estimated that the world gains $38 trillion worth of free services from the environment every year. The world’s GDP from industry is $18 trillion. The gap between the rich and the poor is larger than ever. In 1995, the US Department of Energy reported that the U.S. could cut carbon emissions to 1990 levels by 2010 with NO NET LOSS to the U.S. economy (Leggett, 275). Environmental politics is considered ‘low’ politics, and is always considered less important then economic or military issues.
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Action is needed on all levels! Environmental degradation occurs on all levels and needs to be dealt with on all levels: Local issues : air and water pollution, toxic waste, change of local land use Regional and trans- boundary issues : downstream air and water pollution, land use change Global issues : depletion of ozone, climate change, loss of biodiversity, overpopulation, persistent organic pollutants
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Why should we care? Why should we care? There are three main schools of thought — all admit that we should act to save the environment, but they differ in their reasons why. Three divergent views of environmentalism: Anthropocentric view : Ecosystems are only valuable in so far as they meet human needs. Middle ground : Human needs are important, but the environment is worth more than just the sum of its economic benefits. It therefore requires protection. Eco-centric view : Nature has an intrinsic value independent of its economic use to humans; it must be protected in its own right.
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Ancient History 1872 1872 : Yellowstone National Park is founded, the first National Park in the United States. 1905 1905 : The U.S. National Forest System is established. 1969: 1969: There is a call for a U.N. council on the environment. 1970: 1970: The EPA is established in the U.S.
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Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment; 1972 The first international environmental council Acknowledged humanity’s integral connection to the environment and recognized that it is in the best interest of human society to protect the environment ACKNOWLEDGED THAT OVER POPULATION IS A MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM Took an anthropocentric view Established the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) Announced intentions to hold national governments responsible for environmental issues
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United Nations Environmental Program: Disseminates information!
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International_Environment - International Environmental...

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