64A_NiehDeclineFallBees - James C Nieh University of California San Diego Division of Biological Sciences Section of Ecology Behavior Evolution The

64A_NiehDeclineFallBees - James C Nieh University of...

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James C. Nieh University of California San Diego Division of Biological Sciences Section of Ecology, Behavior, & Evolution
The decline and fall of bees: pollinators in peril James C. Nieh, University of California San Diego Division of Biological Sciences, Section of Ecology, Behavior, and Evolution Thomas Cole, The Course of Empire
Outline I.Honey bee natural history II. Predators & robbers: III. A signal for danger IV. Honey bee declines V. Pesticides
What are bees?
Apis Euglossini (Orchid bees) Apini (Honey bees) Bombini (Bumble bees) Meliponini (Stingless bees) Phylogeny from Ramirez et al. in prep Mitochondrial genes CO1 (~1.2kb) & 16S (~0.6kb) Nuclear genes EF1-a (~1.2kb), ArgK (~0.7kb) & Pol-II (0.8kb). Bayesian clock chronogram
Ancient Importance: Egypt (700 BCE)
Honey bees & agriculture In California, honey bees are responsible for pollination of approximately $1.5 billion in annual crops ($15 billion nationally). Hay and alfalfa seed production also require bee pollination.
Using honey bees to sniff out landmines
Environmental biomonitoring with bees
Bees change jobs as they age Nurse Forager Slide courtesy of Gene Robinson
The royal court
Honey bee queen mandibular gland pheromone Pherotech: “Fruit Boost with QMP”
The discovery
Honey bee waggle dance
The honey bee recruitment system 1 Used to recruit for several different types of resources
Michelsen: Robot bee experiment

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