Chapter 1-5 definitions

Chapter 1-5 definitions - Chapter 1-5 Definitions (sort by...

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Chapter 1-5 Definitions (sort by paragraphs but print as is first) 1. Consciousness - The mental experience that arises from perceptual systems. 2. Empiricism - Empiricists (john locke, George Berkeley, david hume) challenged claims that have been made back as far as Plato that some of what we know is present at birth. They argue that our minds are more like a blank slate on which our experiences write a lifelong story. Knowledge comes to us only through our experiences and observations. 3. Tabula Rasa – Latin for mind like a blank slate (look at empiricism) 4. Introspection - Looking forward (Wundt p 10) 5. Phi Phenomenon - experience not two lights but one jumping back and forth. 6. Psychoanalysis - Freud s theory that psychodynamic conflicts are created when our sexual and aggressive instincts clash with rules set by society. 7. Functionalism - Focused on the function of consciousness in guiding our ability to make decisions solve problems and the like. 8. Phenomenological approach - Humanistic approach 9. Sociocultural variables - social identity and other background factors such as gender ethnicity social class and culture. (p 19) 10. Culture - the accumulation of values, rules of behavior, forms of expression, religious beliefs, and occupational choices for a group of people who share a common language and environment. (p19) 11. Multicultural - host many cultural groups within the borders of their country. (p21) 12. Subcultural - multicultural groups that share behaviors values and beliefs based on their culture of origin. (p21) 13. Critical Thinking - is the process of assessing claims and making judgment on the basis of well supported evidence.(p25) 14. Hypothesis - in scientific research a specific testable proposition about a phenomenon. (p25) 15. Operational Definitions - statements that define phenomena or variables by describing the exact research operations or methods used in measuring or manipulating them. (p25) 16. Variables - specific factors or characteristics that can take on different numerical values in research (p25) 17. Reliability - the degree to which test results or other research evidence occurs repeatedly. (p25)
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18. Validity - the degree to which evidence from a test or other research method measures what it is supposed to measure. (p25) 19. Theory - An integrated set of propositions used to explain certain phenomena, including behavior and mental processes. (p25) 20. Naturalistic Observation - The process of watching without interfering as a phenomenon occurs in the natural environment (p26) 21. Case Studies - Research involving the intensive examination of some phenomenon in a particular individual, group, or situation. (p26) 22. Neuropsychology - focuses on the relationships among brain activity, thinking, and behavior. (p26) 23. Positive Correlation - means that two variables increase together or decrease together (p29) 24. Negative Correlation - means that the two variables move in opposite directions. (p29) 25. Correlation Coefficient
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This note was uploaded on 06/06/2011 for the course PSYSC 100 taught by Professor Scott during the Spring '11 term at Aquinas.

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Chapter 1-5 definitions - Chapter 1-5 Definitions (sort by...

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