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Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 Union Strategies and Structures Union...

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Chapter 6: Union Strategies and Structures Union Organizational Structure Union Federations o AFL-CIO: National union federation formed in 1955 by merger if AHL & CIO; led by John Sweeny since 1995 o Activities: Political lobbying; research; training union organizers; not bargaining o Competing federation: change-to-Win, formed in 2005 o Note: No U.S. “Labor Party” National Unions o Large national industrial and craft unions: e.g. UAW (autos); USWA (Steel); Teamsters; UBC (Carpenters); SEIU; NEA o Activities bargaining, organizing o Most power and labor organizations Local unions: o Branches of national unions for individual factories or regions, e.g. teamsters, Local 8 o Activities, bargaining, grievance handling o Most active union democracy in local union Models of Union Growth Cyclical Factors: o Unions said to grow during economic expansion due to tight labor markets and decline during economic downturns Structural factors: o Unions seen as having growth sports in specific historical periods o Private sector unions growing in 30s & 40s o Public sector unions growing in 60s & 70s o Subsequent decline in private sector unionization Reasons for Union Membership Decline: Explanation # 1
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