Diesel Power Plant.pptx - DIESEL POWER PLANT INTRODUCTION A...

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DIESEL POWER PLANT
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INTRODUCTION A generating station in which internal combustion engine(ICE) or diesel engine is used as a prime mover for the generation of electrical energy Diesel Power Station(also known as Stand-by power station) uses a diesel engine as prime mover for the generation of electrical energy. This power station is generally compact and thus can be located where it is actually required. This kind of power station can be used to produce limited amounts of electrical energy. In most countries these power stations are used as emergency supply stations. Diesel power plants produce power in the range of 2 to 50MW.
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INTRODUCTION They are used as standby sets for continuity of supply such as hospitals, telephone exchanges, radio stations, cinema theatres and industries. They are suitable for mobile power generation and widely used in railways, submarine and ships.
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HOW PETROLEUM DIESEL IS PRODUCED? Diesel fuel is one of the products created from crude oil. During the refining process, the viscous dark thick crude oil is turned into the much lighter diesel fuel. 1. Crude oil refining starts with heating up the viscous liquid to over 400 degrees Celsius. This process turns the liquid into a vapor. The vapor then enters a fractional distillation tower. As the vapor rises, it starts to cool down. The vapor reaches a certain temperature point and the hydrocarbon chains within it return to a liquid state. At different levels of the tower are distillation plates that capture the liquids as they emerge.
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HOW PETROLEUM DIESEL IS PRODUCED? 2. The longest hydrocarbon chains have a boiling point over 400 degrees Celsius. As soon as the chains enter the distillation tower, they start turning into liquid again. This emerges as asphalt or bitumen and exits at the bottom. As the vapor rises, shorter hydrocarbon chains begin to liquefy. Fuel oil emerges when the vapor cools down below 370 degrees celsius. This process continues up the tower, with various distillates emerging as the vapor cools further. 3. When the vapor reaches between 200 and 350 degrees celsius, diesel fuel begins to emerge. The vapor collects on the distillation plates where it is siphoned off into a diesel holding tank.
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BRIEF HISTORY Rudolf Diesel’s Invention Rudolf Diesel, who is best known for the invention of the engine that bears his name, was born in Paris, France in 1858. His invention came while the steam engine was the predominant power source for large industries.
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BRIEF HISTORY In 1885, Diesel set up his first shop in Paris to begin development of a compression ignition engine. The process would last 13 years. In the 1890s, he received a number of patents for his invention of an efficient, slow burning, compression ignition, internal combustion engine.
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