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ANTH 5 - Lecture The Anthropology of the Sacred Chapter 5 5...

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Lecture, 1-31-11 The Anthropology of the Sacred: Chapter 5 5 phases of revitalization Movements: I. Satisfactory Adaptation II. Increased individual stress III. Cultural Distortion IV. Revitalization (reformulate cultural patterns and change) V. New Period of Satisfactory Adaptation Religion: Ritual Myth Metonomy Antistructure Religion: set of beliefs and practices to order relationships of humans to the supernatural Function of Religion- Social Control: Religion affects action Mobilizes society, systems of rewards and punishments Formal code of ethics that prohibit certain behavior and promote others Maintain social control, stressing the fleeting nature of life
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19 th century cultural evolutionists seek religious typology among anthropologists, E.B. Tylor was the first to study religion (1871) Developed a evolutionary taxonomy of religions Animism to polytheism to monotheism This is a very ethnocentric viewpoint Religion vs. Magic James Frazer, 1890, The Golden Bough Frazer considered presence of absence of spiritual agencies to distinguish religion from
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ANTH 5 - Lecture The Anthropology of the Sacred Chapter 5 5...

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