ANTH 2 - something else the most important is language 4 ....

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Lecture, 1-19-11 Chapter 2: The Concept of Culture Culture defined: Culture can be broadly defined as the beliefs and behaviors shared by members of a social learning. There are 5 characteristics of culture 1. Culture is shared Culture is a feature of group life Members of a group share a common identity A society is an organization of individuals involved in cooperative relationships. 2. Culture is Learned Enculturation vs. Instinct Enculturation- the process of transmitting cultural information from one generation to the next by social learning Most animals species have behavior, although complex, is by instinct not culture World view- the culturally shaped way on sees and interprets the world Binary Oppositions- imposing order on a chaotic universe, conceptual oppositions (not entirely opposite sometimes) Socialization- the process of transmitting culture and ideas 3. Culture is Symbolic a symbol is a visual sign, sound, or other representation that stands for or suggests
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Unformatted text preview: something else the most important is language 4 . Culture is Integrated culture is holistic all parts are interrelated 5. Cultures Change all cultures, subcultures, and human societies change over time the causes of change are numerous and include ecological. Cultural Universals: Economic systems Technological systems Kinship systems Social control systems Child care systems Religious systems Ethnocentrism: the belief that ones own culture is right, superior, and morally justified Cultural Relativism: evaluating cultures on their own terms Moral Relativism: suggests there is no such thing as right or wrong Neanderthals: Used stone tools Were nomadic foragers and hunters Communicated Buried their dead Did they use abstract symbols? The archaeology suggests this...
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Dr.sharynjones during the Spring '11 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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ANTH 2 - something else the most important is language 4 ....

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