ANTH106 - A NTH 106 (2nd half) Click to edit Master...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 6/9/11 ANTH 106 (2nd half)
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6/9/11 The Anthropology of Gender Chapter 9
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6/9/11 General Category of Activity Exclusively Male Predominate ly Male Either or both sexes Predominate ly Females General Category of Activity Extracting food and other products Hunting Trapping Woodworki ng Mining Lumbering Fishing Cleaning land Preparing soil Tending large animals Gather small land animals Planting crops, harvesting, tending crops, milking animals Caring for small animals Gathering fuel for fires Gathering wild foods Fetching water Manufacturi ng, processing, preparing goods for consumption Butchering Boat building, working with stone, bone, shell, smelting ore, metal working House building Cooking feast foods Making rope, cordage, nets, preparing skins, making leather products Making clothing Mat making Loom weaving Making pottery Processing, preparing plant foods, cooking everyday foods
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6/9/11 American Male Role Masculine Non emotional Independent Dominant provider XY
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6/9/11 American Female Stereotypes Sensitive Fragile Social Motherly Nurturing Pure Until Marriage Submissive
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6/9/11 Sexual Variation Sex refers to biological differences between males and females Gender refers to the social or cultural social identities associated with one’s sex
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6/9/11 Sexual Dimorphism Sexual Dimorphism refers to the physical differences between the sexes. It includes…. .
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6/9/11 Sexual Dimorphism Reproductive anatomy Sex hormone ratios and patterns Secondary sex characteristics Body composition, strength, and endurance
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6/9/11 Intersexual True Hermaphrodites Have both ovarian and testicular tissue Extremely rare Pseudo hermaphrodite Have gonads of one sex and genitalia of the opposite sex
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6/9/11 Gender Roles To what extent are gender roles culturally constructed (Vary depending on the norms and values of a given culture)
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6/9/11 Margaret Mead An early pioneer in the study of cultural construction of gender She found men are typically in control of politics
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6/9/11 French Structuralism This posits that humans structure thoughts according to binary opposites such as black/white, up/down, male/female. This school of thought was influential in the development of the anthropology of gender Developed by Claude Levi-Strauss
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6/9/11 Gender Diversity Homosexuality: preference for sexual activity with members of same sex Transgendered person: one who assumes the gender role of opposite sex Transvestite: one who dresses in the clothing of the opposite sex Transsexual: one who’s anatomy is altered to appear as the opposite sex through surgical modification or hormone therapy
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6/9/11 Third and Multiple Genders Institutionalized gender roles, recognized by a culture, that differ from both male and female gender roles
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6/9/11 Hijras “neither man nor woman” Indian Women Some have their anatomy altered
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6/9/11 Conclusion Sexual variation between men, women, and intersexual is insufficient to explain gender variation Gender roles and expectations vary considerably from culture to culture, with some including multiple gender roles.
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Dr.sharynjones during the Spring '11 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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ANTH106 - A NTH 106 (2nd half) Click to edit Master...

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