MUSIC.162.DUDLEY.SPRING.2005.FINAL

MUSIC.162.DUDLEY.SPRING.2005.FINAL - Mu rte l{a VERSION...

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Unformatted text preview: Mu rte l {a} VERSION ‘B’ Final Exam Music 162, “American Popular Song” Spring 2005, Shannen Dudley N! )TE: Enter the version, as well as name and ID number, on your scantron. All questions must be answered on a scantron form, using #2 pencil. Read each question carefully before answering, then choose the single best answer for each question. You might want to mark the correct answers on your question sheet first, and transfer them to your scantron form after you have double—checked and made corrections. Part I 1. Which of the following became an important new paradigm of the popular music business around 1960‘? music videos . b) the creative role of the studio producer ©top forty radio lists ,clv) all of the above 2. In the 19205, which soloing instruments were most strongly associated with the New Orleans and Kansas City styles of jazz, respectively? a) saxophone with New Orleans, guitar with Kansas City b) saxophone with New Orleans, trumpet with Kansas City @trumpet with New Orleans, saxophone with Kansas City d) trumpet with New Orleans, clarinet with Kansas City 3. Which of the following historical conditions was may in the late 1950s and caused record companies to focus more on the youth market? @increased levels of employment and disposable income among youth ,b) an interest in black music among white youth \lthe Vietnam war Mil of the above 4. The fundamental innovation of hip hop music in the 1970s, which made it entirely distinct from other genres that it drew upon (including soul, funk, and reggae) is: a) lyrics about social and political issues .;b),spoken “rapping” over music re) cyclical form @DJ manipulation and repetition of “break beats” 5. Although he was born in Tupalo, Mississippi, Elvis Presley made his first recordings in which city? Memphis ) Los Angeles 0) New York cl) Chicago 6. Which of the following genres of music, by its preservation on recordings and by a series of imitations from one generation to the next, was a model for the focus on guitar in heavy metal? a) bluegrass b) jump blues @country blues .d) classic blues 7. In general (despite the occasional exception), which of the following makes the experience of Latinos in New York different from that of Chicanos in Los Angeles? a) New York Latinos have been more strongly associated with Caribbean-derived genres, like mambo and salsa, that had significant popularity as dance music for anglos b) New York Latinos have maintained some relationship with the cultures of their parents c) New York Latinos have developed verbal slang that expresses their ‘in between’ cultural identity New York Latinos have participated in jazz, hip hop, and other U.S. styles of popular music 8. How does urban folk music of the 19505 and 19603 most clearly rifle}; from the rural styles that inspired it? 3) its common use of strophic and verse and chorus forms bf) its stress on acoustic instruments and sounds c its values of participation and community @its association with progressive politics 9. This genre was significantly popularized in the US. by British bands in its early stages: a) punk b) ‘605 rock c) heavy metal @311 of the above 10. Which of the following genres of music did n_ot have significant roots in DJ practice's? a) funk 11. Early house music is most strongly associated with what city? gChicago a San Francisco c) Detroit (1) New York 12. A British punk band who caused controversy when they released the song “God Save the Queen”, which was strongly critical of the royal monarchy: a) Bad Brains The Sex Pistols c Judas Priest (1) The Ramones 13. Which of the following is NOT considered one of the four main elements of hip hop? :1) rapping b) breaking c) graffiti grooming 14. A dominant formal structure for commercial popular songs since the early twentieth century, associated especially with Tin Pan Alley: a) cyclical b) call and re5ponse AABA ) all of the above 15. The advent of MTV coincided with the commercial demise of which genre? a) heavy metal b) hip hop 16. An important influence on early reggae music was: Q American R&B 1512 British punk c)hip hop d) bhangra music \ Part II—Listening. Each example will be played twice. Read the questions carefully before listening. Example 1 17. What is the form of this song? a) AABBACCDD b) AAB QAABA d) call and response 18. Who composed this song? a) Bessie Smith b) Scott Joplin Q Steven Foster d) Jim Crow 19. Which of the following terms best describes this music, as it was marketed and used in its time? @parlor music b) opera c) broadway show song (1) traditional folk ballad Example 2 20. Which of the following genre names best describes the style of this song? a) soul b) funk @eggae d) doo wop 21. The commercial success of this genre of music can be explained, in part, by: a) competition between sound system DJs, which fueled creative competition between recording studios .the international spread of ska music, which preceded the advent of this musical style by two decades c) an exceptionally large record-buying public in Jamaica d) its attractive MTV videos 22. Although this artist’s long dreadlocks (hair style) and the marijuana “splifi” featured in many images of him were consistent with counter cultural imagery world wide, they were for him markers of this religion: at) Christianity @Rastafarianism _c) Voodoo (1) Islam Example 3 23.What aspect of this song exemplifies a broader international connection that these musicians made in their music and their personal lives? @use of the North Indian sitar b) its similarity to the Viennese waltz c)\its reference to Norway d) all of the above 24. A stylistic aspect of this song that distinguishes it from most other pop songs of its time: ®lyrics that deal with romance b) its 3-minute length c) strophic form d) its rhythmic meter Example 4 25. The form/texture, respectively, of this recording are best described as: a) AABAlpolyrhythmic b) AABA/homophonic c) cyclical/unison @ cyclical/polyrhythmic 26. The lyrics of this song refer to: .Tensions between the LA. police and young African-American males b) The party lifestyle of inner-city youth \9 The sound of the music itself d) The crack cocaine epidemic that was sweeping through African-American communities at the time 27. Which aspect of rap music is this group most commonly given credit for establishing? a) the break beat b) focus on the DJ/turntablist socially and politically conscious lyrics lyrics about milkshakes Example 5 28. This group’s music was an early precedent for what genre? a) heavy metal @ punk c) disco d) classic rock 29. In what respect is this song typical of that genre? a) fast tempo b) lack of instrumental virtuosity c) simple chord progression @2111 of the above 30. This song was intended as: a) a mixture of country, blues, and rock b) an effort to break into the Top Forty with a catchy hook c) a coded celebration of psycho-active drugs (a a parody of pop song generally, and the Beach Boys in particular Example 6 31. This group’s music was an early precedent for what genre? Q heavy metal b) psychedelic rock c) punk d) disco 32. Which aspect of this recording most clearly points to that genre (previous question)? @distorted and heavy timbres b) cyclical form c) keyboard solos (:1) use of brass instruments 33. An instrument that enters for the first time with the voice, and which suggests the link between this recording and the tradition of art rock or progressive rock: a) guitar b) drums % organ trumpet Example 7 34. What is the name of this group? .Nirvana b) the Clash c) Sub Pop d) Judas Priest 35. This group got its start with what record label? a) Stax b) Sun Studios @ Sub Pop Mhess 36. Which of the following aspects of this song distinguishes it from most punk music that receded it? screaming vocals b) distorted electric guitars c) rebellious attitude d) carefully crafted arrangement and textural changes Bonus Questions: 37. In relation to ChicanofMexican contributions to jazz, the importance of the “1884 World’s Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition” held in New Orleans was: a) A Chicano jazz band was hired for the main entertainment. @The main entertainment was the band of the “8th regiment of the Mexican Cavalry” which became a huge hit and influenced the New Orleans music scene. c) A large number of Chicanos/Mexicans were employed to work at this event and were exposed to New Orleans music. d) A large number of Mexican cotton growers attended the event bringing with them music from Mexico 38. Which of the following statements provides the most defensible ground on which to argue that independent labels stimulate innov'ation more than major labels? ' a) the majors seek to invest in a few big stars, while the indies are more willing to take a chance with commercially unproven groups the majors emphasize image more than talent, whereas the reverse is true with indies c) the majors provide less financial backing to their artists than do the indies d) the majors are interested in making money, while the indies just do it for love 39. Which of the following independent record labels essentially created its own sound, by systematic artist coaching and production techniques, as opposed to the others that captured a sound that had already developed in local clubs and performance venues? 21) Sugar Hill Records in New Jersey (New York area) fl Chess in Chicago 0) Motown in Detroit d) Sub Pap in Seattle 40. Which of the following hip hop artists was a former gang member and also was a pioneer in integrating European electronic studio sounds into hip hop? a) Snoop Dog b) Eminem Africa Bambaata Ice Cube ...
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