Child_Family_Society - Final_Paper

Child_Family_Society - Final_Paper - 1 SOC312 Child Family...

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1 SOC312: Child Family & Society Final Paper Roland Agustin, Jr. SOC 312: Child Family & Society Greg Thomas 05/16/2011
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2 Urie Bronfenbrenner developed the bioecological model of human development to explain how everything in a child and the child’s environment affect how a child grows and develops. There are four basic systems to Bronfenbrenner’s theory ; 1) The microsystem; 2) The mesosystem; 3) The exosystem; 4) The macrosystem. Bronfenbrenner described these as aspects or levels or the environment that influence a child’s development. This paper will be a comprehensive study of Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological model of human development and touch on areas of differences in the structures, outside influences of a child’s development, examples of the four structures and the impact on a child’s development. The microsystem is the layer closest to the child and contains the structures with which the child has direct contact. The microsystem involves the relationships and interaction a child has with immediate surroundings. These would include family, school, neighborhood or child care. How these groups interact with the child will have an effect on how the child grows. The more encouraging and nurturing these relationships and environments are, the better the child will grow. Along the same lines, how a child acts or reacts to these groups in the microsystem will affect how the group treats them in return.
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3 The mesosystem is the layer which provides the connection between structures of the child’s microsystem (Berk, 2000). This layer describes how the different parts of the child’s microsystem works. For example, if a child’s parents take an active role in his school, such as watching extra-curricular activities, going to parent-teacher conferences, this will help the child’s overall growth. If there is trouble with interactions in one microsystem this can affect others such as if a child has troubles with family life, they might also have trouble with authority figures. The exosystem is the layer that defines the larger social system in which the child does not function directly. The structures in this layer impact the child’s development by interacting with some structure in the child’s microsystem. This layer relates to decisions made by others
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