DANCE_45_FINAL_STUDY_GUIDE.doc

DANCE_45_FINAL_STUDY_GUIDE.doc - 1 FINAL STUDY GUIDE...

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FINAL STUDY GUIDE Russian Revolution 1917 Anna Pavlova - The greatest female dancer in ballet history - Thanks to her, a generation of Americans became exposed to ballet as a worthy art - Toured with her own company 1910 - Conservative and traditional dancer (ballets featured her and a male partner), unlike revolutionary Nijinsky - Famous for portraying birds, insects, and plants - Says happiness is fleeting like a butterfly - Brought ballet to the common person - First great Russian ballerina to tour outside of her country - Pneumonia—works herself to death The Dying Swan 1905 - Anna Pavolva stars, on pointe entire time, moves arms like butterfly - Only 2 minutes long - Composer: Camille Saint-Saens - Choreographer: Fokine Ballet Russe (Russian Ballet) - Director: Impresario 1909-1929 - Producer/Hirer: Serge Diaghilev 1872-1929 - Permanent Company 1911 - Originally performed in Paris, never performed in Russia - Stars came form imperial Russian ballet: Fokine, Pavlova, Nijinsky, Massine, Nijinska, Balanchine Diaghilev 1872-1929 - Established Ballet Russes - Not a dancer himself, not wealthy, but crafty, superstitious, Avante Garde - Launched careers of 5 choreographers o Fokine o Nijinsky o Massine o Nijinska o Balanchne - Collaboration of great artists o Composers: Stravisinsky, Debussy, Satie, Milhaud o Artists: Bakst, Benois, Picasso, Matisse, Cocteau o Designer: Coca Chanel 1
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- 5 Great Choreographers: Fokine, Nijinsky, Massine, Nijinska, and Balanchine - Died in Venice, city on water—Fortune teller had told him he would die on water so he never rode boats—IRONY Leon Bakst - Scene painter for Diaghlev - Makes elaborate costumes for Firebird Pablo Picasso - Sets and costumes for “Parade” in 1917 - Costumes for “Three Cornered Hat” in 1919 Fokine - 1 st major choreographer of Ballet Russe - Him and Diaghlev made radical reforms that would embark ballet on a journey of innovation that would restore its stature - Was later replaced by Nijinsky in Diaghilev’s company - Based the choreography of his ballets on locale and period in which they were laid - Was being criticized by others, and the creation of Dying Swan was his reply - Believed in 1 act ballets- had adult themes - Major Works: Dying Swan 1905 (for Pavlova) Les Sylphides 1908 Cleopatre 1909 Firebird 1910 Scheherazade 1910 Petrouchka 1911 Le Spectre de la Rose 1911 Fokine’s 5 major principles (London Times 1914) 1) New movement each dance 2) No Miming 3) Use entire body 4) No divertissement 5) Unity amongst arts Les Sylphides 1908 (Fokine) - Music by Chopin (in collection of pieces of music) - 1 st Abstract Ballet, no linear plot/narrative - Anna Pavlova stars Scheherazade 1910 (Fokine) - Plot: King goes hunting. Head wife convinces the unix to bring the slave boys to have an orgy. Sultan is outraged and demands that everyone be slaughtered - Nijinksky plays golden slave boy Cleopatre 1909 (Fokine) - Ida Rubenstein starred 2
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- Plot: Man wants to have sex with Cleopatre and she says ok as long as he is willing to be
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DANCE_45_FINAL_STUDY_GUIDE.doc - 1 FINAL STUDY GUIDE...

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