Phil12_S11_Discovering_mechanisms(6-2-2011)

Phil12_S11_Discovering_mechanisms(6-2-2011) - Discovering...

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Discovering and modeling mechanisms Phil 12: Logic and Decision Making Spring 2011 UC San Diego 6/2/2011 Thursday, June 2, 2011
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CAPE response rate Thursday, June 2, 2011
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Please fll out a philosophy department course evaluation Thursday, June 2, 2011
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Final exam Tuesday June 7th, 11:30am-2:30pm - just need something to write with - covers material since the midterm Correlation Causation Mechanism Thursday, June 2, 2011
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OfFce hours Mitch: HSS 8037 - Monday June 6th: 1-4pm and by appointment Nat: HSS 7054 - Thursday 1-3pm - Friday 2-4pm Jeremy: HSS 7059 - Friday 9-10am, 11am-12pm 5 Thursday, June 2, 2011
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What’s the frst step in characterizing a mechanism? A. IdentiFy the parts oF the mechanism B. ±igure out what the parts do C. Accurately describe the behavior oF the whole mechanism D. ±igure out how the parts are organized Clicker question Thursday, June 2, 2011
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Review Since the 17th century, science often appeals to mechanisms to explain phenomena A mechanism consists of parts (entities) and operations (activities) organized to produce a phenomenon - Phenomenon : what the mechanism does - Parts : the working parts of the mechanism - Operations : the work done by the parts that contributes to the activity - Organization : how parts and operations are organized Thursday, June 2, 2011
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The importance of organization Why do diseases spread so quickly? “Six degrees of separation” - After Marconi created the telegraph and networks developed, he claimed that it would take an average of 5.83 telegraph stations to link any one person to another - conFrmed by psychologist Stanley Milgram in a famous experiment in 1967 Thursday, June 2, 2011
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Stanley Milgram and Acquaintance Networks How many acquaintances would it take to connect two randomly selected individuals in the US? Sent letters to randomly selected people in Midwest with the name of a target person and the following directions 1. Add your name to the roster at the bottom 2. Detach one postcard. Fill it out and return it to Harvard Univ. 3. If you know the target person on a personal basis, mail this folder directly to him (her). 4. If you do not know the target person on a personal basis, do not try to contact him directly. Instead, mail this folder to a personal acquaintance who is more likely than you to know the target person Mean number of intermediate persons was 5.5--round up to 6 for 6 degrees of separation Thursday, June 2, 2011
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Created by three Albright College fraternity brothers in 1994 Pick an actor or actress - If they have ever been in a Flm with Kevin Bacon, then they have a Bacon number of 1 - If they have never been in a Flm with Kevin Bacon but have been in a Flm
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Phil12_S11_Discovering_mechanisms(6-2-2011) - Discovering...

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