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Phil12_S11_midterm_sample

# Phil12_S11_midterm_sample - Phil 12 Logic and Decision...

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Phil 12: Logic and Decision Making (Spring 2011) Directions and Sample Questions for Midterm Exam I. Argumentation A. Basic concepts: Select the best answer to the following multiple-choice questions. 1. Which of the following could be a counterexample to a definition of “cat” a. an example that shows that cats have surprising new properties b. a duck that satisfies the sufficient conditions for being a cat c. an dog that satisfies the necessary conditions for being a cat. d. a cat that does not satisfy one set of sufficient conditions for being a cat 2. Which of the following statements is a tautology? 3. An argument is 4. Which of the following is an example of an invalid statement? a. An even number is an integer divisible evenly by 2. b. The longest day of the year is in June. c. Can you help me with this? d. None of the above 5. In the statement “The dog won’t bite unless you threaten,” “the dog bites” is 6. Which of the following is not a conclusion indicator? a. therefore b. since c. thus d. proves that 7. In a valid argument with a false conclusion

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