Defining and Organizing Language Learning Strategies

Defining and - Chapter 2 Defining and Organizing Language Learning Strategies In this chapter we will introduce you to 20 learning strategies that

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© National Capital Language Resource Center Sailing the 5 C’s with Learning Strategies 14 Chapter 2: Defining and Organizing Language Learning Strategies In this chapter we will introduce you to 20 learning strategies that you can teach to your students to improve their learning of the foreign language. As we emphasized in the preceding chapter, extensive research into learning strategies reveals the importance and relevance of this instruction for language students. However, as experienced teachers we know that incorporating a new approach into our instruction is not an easy task. This chapter focuses on preparing both teachers and students for learning strategies instruction. We begin by answering some of the most commonly asked questions about learning strategies. We also share the techniques and explain the importance of establishing a learner-centered environment in the classroom before beginning strategies instruction. I. Answers to some of the Most Common Questions about Learning Strategies Instruction At this point, you may be thinking, “Twenty learning strategies? How do I find the time to teach 20 learning strategies in my already full schedule of teaching language skills?” And even more importantly, you may be thinking about your students: “How receptive will they be to learning strategies? How do I prepare them for learning strategies instruction?” Explicit strategies instruction may entail not only a new experience for you and your students, but also new roles in the learning process. The purpose of this section is to respond to these important questions and provide suggestions for getting started with learning strategies instruction. What are Learning Strategies? Learning strategies are the thoughts and/or actions that students use to complete learning tasks. We all know that good teachers use numerous teaching strategies to help students learn. We use visuals to introduce new ideas, we direct students’ attention to important elements, and we activate students’ background knowledge before introducing a new concept. Learning strategies, however, are the tools that students themselves can employ independently to complete a language task. For instance, a student who needs to learn a list of vocabulary words might draw a picture to remember each word.
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© National Capital Language Resource Center Sailing the 5 C’s with Learning Strategies 15 It is important to distinguish between teaching strategies and learning strategies. Think about yourself in two different roles - as a language teacher and as a language student. Look at Table 1 below for examples of strategies you might use as a teacher and those you might use as a student. A comparison of similar teaching strategies and learning strategies
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This note was uploaded on 06/07/2011 for the course ENG 100 taught by Professor Hakim during the Spring '11 term at Brazosport.

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Defining and - Chapter 2 Defining and Organizing Language Learning Strategies In this chapter we will introduce you to 20 learning strategies that

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