Online_Lecture_15

Online_Lecture_15 - PHIL 4: Introduction to Ethics Out of t...

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Unformatted text preview: PHIL 4: Introduction to Ethics Out of t e crooked T mber of humani no s aight t ing was ever made . Immanuel Kan 1 John Stuart Mills Utilitarianism ( II ) 2 From Last Time Greatest Happiness Principle: actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness... Act- Utilitarianism 3 i. Act Consequentialism ii. Hedonism iii.Sum- Ranking Welfarism In plain terms: what makes a particular action right or wrong is its consequences ; by consequences I mean whether it brings pleasure or pai n ; and by pleasure or pain I mean the pleasure or pain of everyone involved Act- Utilitarianism ( contd ) 4 Much of this sounds exactly right, doesnt it? But, as Mill himself notes, utilitarianism draws attracts Ferce criticism from many corners Do any bits strike you as not quite right? Can you think of any strong objections? Act- Utilitarianism ( contd ) 5 To suppose that life has no higher end than pleasure is a doctrine worthy only of swine If base pleasures like food, drink and sex are the ultimate moral good, then man is but a beast Notice this is an objection to the hedonis m of act- utilitarianism Problem 1: The Swine Objection 6 Who is Morally Admirable? Colonel Sanders Mother Teresa 7 It is quite compatible with the principle of utility to recognize the fact that some kinds of pleasure are more desirable and more valuable than others. It would be absurd desirable and more valuable than others....
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Online_Lecture_15 - PHIL 4: Introduction to Ethics Out of t...

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