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Online_Lecture_14 - PHIL 4: Introduction to Ethics Out of t...

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Unformatted text preview: PHIL 4: Introduction to Ethics Out of t e crooked T mber of humani no s aight t ing was ever made . Immanuel Kan 1 The Doctrine of Double E f ect ( contd ) 2 Doctrine of Double E f ect The Doctrine of Double E f ect ( DDE ) is nearly equivalent to recognizing the constraint against doing harm Why double e f ect? You see that your action A will have two e f ects: one that is intended ( your end ) and another that is not intended ( a foreseen side e f ect ) Roughly, DDE says you may sometimes permissibly act in a way that brings about a bad result as long as the bad result was not intended Why only sometimes? DDE speciFes that the goodness of the intended result must not be outweighed by the badness of the foreseen ( but unintended ) bad result. Consider a weird Jack Johnson case where the person behind you will di e if she does not secure a ticket. Is it still permissible to purchase your ticket? 3 Consider Some Cases Trolley- Driver vs. Chop- Up- Chuck Trolley- Driver vs. Wiggle- Bridge Jack Johnson vs. Pier I vs. Inheritance I/II Chop- Up- Chuck ( Seizure Variant ) Terrorist Bombing vs. Strategic Bombing (Arguably, the constraint against intending harm captures our moral intuitions better than the constraint against doing harm) 4 A Problem for DDE Is the distinction were relying on really that easy to draw? Is the di f erence between intending an e f ect and merely foreseeing it really so obvious? Does Peter intend or foresee Dads death in Vertical- Limit? Do you intend or foresee your friends death in Cave I? Do you intend or foresee Chucks death when you harvest his organs? 5 Another Problem for DDE But even if the intend/foresee distinction ca n be clearly drawn, trouble still looms. Consider these cases: Trolley- Driver vs. Loop- Variant Wiggle I vs. Wiggle II Wiggle I vs....
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2011 for the course PHIL 4 taught by Professor Chandler during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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Online_Lecture_14 - PHIL 4: Introduction to Ethics Out of t...

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