Online_Lecture_18

Online_Lecture_18 - PHIL 4: Introduction to Ethics Out of t...

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Unformatted text preview: PHIL 4: Introduction to Ethics Out of t e crooked T mber of humani no s aight t ing was ever made . Immanuel Kan 1 John Stuart Mills Utilitarianism ( V ) 2 From Last Time Clarifcation o the Utility Monster objection More on Benthams NAU and worries concerning airness o distribution The practicality objectio n to AU and NAU Mills secondary principles ( i.e moral rules ) as a response to the practicality objection Rule- Utilitarianism 3 Act utilitarians apply the utilitarian test to individual actions; rule utilitarians apply the utilitarian test to kinds of actions or rules. According to Rule Utilitarianism, we should follow a correct moral rule. A moral rule is correct if there would be more total happiness if people conform to it than if they dont conform to it ( Barcalow, 125 ) AU ( roughly ) : At any given time, you ought to do that which maximizes total happiness RU ( roughly ) : At any given time, you ought to do that which conforms to a rule that maximizes total happiness Rule- Utilitarianism 4 Rule- Utilitarianism nicely handles the practicality objection. What other objections to AU does Rule- Utilitarianism successfully avoid? 5 Sabrinas Uncle Suppose that [Sabrinas Uncle] is the most hated man in town because hes a miser...[T]here would be more total happiness produced by her murering him than by her permitting him to live....
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Online_Lecture_18 - PHIL 4: Introduction to Ethics Out of t...

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