Online_Lecture_17

Online_Lecture_17 - PHIL 4 Introduction to Ethics “ Out...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: PHIL 4: Introduction to Ethics “ Out of t e crooked T mber of humani ¡ no s ¢ aight t ing was ever made .” — Immanuel Kan £ 1 John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism ( IV ) 2 From Last Time ❖ The Utility Monster ( UM ) as an objection to sum- ranking welfarism ❖ Worries about the ( UM ) objection ❖ For example what about the displeasur e caused by unequal distribution? ❖ For example, what if the UM is a utility monster precisely because she is in greater need? 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Happs Aggregate Happiness: 4 x 10 = 40 happs U n i t s o f H a p p i n e s s Students 4-12 12 24 36 48 60 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Happs Aggregate Happiness: (9 x -2) + 60 = 42 happs U n i t s o f H a p p i n e s s Students 5 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10-12 12 24 36 48 60 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 (A) Which option ough t I to choose? ( If you say ( A ) , you have rejected sum- ranking welfarism. ) 40 Happs (B) 42 Happs 6 From Last Time ❖ The Utility Monster as an objection to sum- ranking welfarism ❖ Exploration of the utilitarian’s view of moral obligation and permissibility ❖ Objection: If AU makes the maximization of total happiness mora # y obligatory — as Mill seems to do — then it seems to demand too much ❖ Possible counter: maximization of happiness is not the goal, but rather avoiding a reductio n of happiness 7 Bentham’s Negative NAU ❖ Since it is Mill’s GHP that seems too demanding, some utilitarians have ditched it in favor of Bentham’s negative formulation ❖ Bentham says, “An action may be said to be conformable to the principle of utility [ happiness ] ...when the tendency it has to augment the happiness of the community is greater than any it has to diminish it.” 8 ❖ On Bentham’s view — we’re calling it negative act- utilitarianis m — an action is wrong if and only if it would ( i ) reduce aggregate happiness and ( ii...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 21

Online_Lecture_17 - PHIL 4 Introduction to Ethics “ Out...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online