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Online_Lecture_10 - PHIL 4 Introduction to Ethics “ Out...

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Unformatted text preview: PHIL 4: Introduction to Ethics “ Out of t e crooked T mber of humani ¡ no s ¢ aight t ing was ever made .” — Immanuel Kan £ 1 Consequentialism, Deontology, & Doing Harm Compare Ch. 3, Normative Ethics , Shelley Kagan 2 ❖ Consequentialism ❖ When considering the moral status of an act, one and only one factor has moral signiFcance: the goodness of its consequences ❖ “Ultimately, an act is right if and only if it will have the best results; morally speaking nothing else matters” ( Kagan ) A ¡amily of Moral Theories 3 ❖ The consequentialist will say that these are convenient guides for picking out acts which acts have good or bad consequences. But the rules themselves have no intrinsic moral signiFcance ❖ Only the goodness or badness of consequences matters Consequentialism ❖ Consider the following rules of morality: 1.Do not lie 2.Do not steal 3.Do not cheat 4 Nearly everyone agrees that an act’s consequences are morally signifcant....
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Online_Lecture_10 - PHIL 4 Introduction to Ethics “ Out...

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