Study Guide for Exam 1 - 12/10/201012:53:00

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12/10/2010 12:53:00 Study Guide for Exam 1- Introduction to Archaeology, ANTH 106 General Terms Anthropology & its four disciplines-  cultural anthropology, biological anthropology,  linguistic anthropology, archaeology  Cultural relativity - study a culture from the perspective of the people and withhold  your own bias Emic - Insiders perspective Etic -outsiders perspective Culture-  learned traditions and customs that dictate behavior and beliefs Archaeology- the study of human cultures and societies of the past using  material remains prehistory-  before written history The scientific method-  systematic description, classification, conclusion Band - Hunter gathers, highly mobile Tribe - have more stuff, pretty sedentary, pretty simple Chiefdom - very sedentary, have someone born into the chief position State - more complicated, have writing and counting systems, have  agricultural  systems - agriculture developed in Mesopotamia about 10,000 years ago oral history - passed down from person to person throughout generations, never  written down historical archaeology- t he study of the past using both material evidence and  documentary evidence public archaeology - this uses public funds and should apply to the public at large community based archaeology-  related to public archaeology, interacting with the  community and understanding the history of that area looting-  primarily aimed at profit and the collection of treasures
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subsistence looting - looting to feed your family ethnocentrism-  thinking your group or culture is all around more superior pseudoarchaeology - Non-scientific accounts based on real or imaginative  evidence Classical archaeology - same thing as historic archaeology; Move from  investigating elites to people without a written history Types of professional archaeology-  underwater, historic, etc.  the professions of archaeology - be a CRM, historic preservation officer, work at a  university, work at a museum sub-disciplines of archaeology-  underwater archaeology, pseudo archaeology,  historic archaeology, etc.  cultural resource management (CRM)-  surveys land for archaeological and  anthropological evidence before construction site-  where you dig  artifact-  objects you find feature-  a distinct characteristic ecofact-  animals, plants, seeds, etc.  site formation processes behavioral processes transformational processes deposition-  the creation of an archaeological cite needs this. Whatever puts this  stuff on or in the ground provenience-  The context in which something is found. Exact place in 3D, Leven 
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This note was uploaded on 06/08/2011 for the course ANTH 106 taught by Professor Dr.sharynjones during the Fall '10 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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Study Guide for Exam 1 - 12/10/201012:53:00

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