ANTH Lecture 3 and 4 - Lecture3,82410

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Lecture 3, 8-24-10 Bioarchaeology- answering archaeological questions using bio-anthropology Forensic Archaeology- Answering forensic and biological questions using  archaeology method and theory I. Osteology 1. age 2. sex 3. ancestory 4. trauma 5.diet and health 6. culture 7. social status 8. stature 9. Minimum number of individuals (MNI) 10. postmortem interval (time since death)
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age: sub adult- focus is on development, know growth rates, dental eruption, etc. you can get a very small range,  Adult- looking at the degeneration of bones, teeth, etc.  Sex: Male- much stronger brow ridged, square mandible Female- flatter forehead, pointy mandible Ancestry: White- Black- Asian- It is really hard to tell race…. Trauma: Diet and Health: You can tell malnutrition and physical stress
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Trauma: Fractures- Blunt Force- Sharp force- Projectile- Postmortem- Perimortem- Antimortem- Postmortem Interval- Time since death, is effected by everything pretty much II. Mitochondrial DNA 1. problems: preservation- how the DNA is preserved over time and how it is diluted
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ANTH Lecture 3 and 4 - Lecture3,82410

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