chapter7 - 7 The long chain From Ships to plastics The jet...

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1 7. 7.- The long chain The long chain z From Ships to plastics z The jet is one of the most efficient innovations to the forms of transportation since the 17 th century. z The need for transporting cargo (and even for battle) resulted in the creation of efficient ships. z The Galleon (Spanish): triangular and square sails went back and forth across the Atlantic. z The Fluyt: long, flat-bottom, large cargo space, very stable in rough weather. z The power went from Amsterdam to England around 1650, profitable colonies turned England in a nation of sailors initially for tobacco and sugar. Speaking of transportation, the jet is one of the most efficient innovations to the forms of transportation since the 17th century together with the internal combustion engine which was discussed in the last chapter. Air enters a jet engine through an inlet and then mixed with fuel. The high-pressure gas that comes out through a nozzle is used to generate thrust.
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