Essay_Soraya_Charmant - Name Soraya Charmant Date 5/112020...

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Name: Soraya Charmant Date: 5/112020Graded AssignmentCompare/Contrast EssayIn the 19th century, after a long period of isolationism, China and then Japan came under pressure from the West to open to foreign trade and relations. The Industrial Revolution in Europe and the United States had created a wide gap between them and the West, leaving the two Asian nations behind technologically and military. In that period, neither of them had the power to stand up to the Western nations, and eventually both had to sign unequal treaties that forced them to open their ports and cities to foreign merchants.First of all, the way China and Japan reacted to the West’s increasing pressure toopen to trade was very different. Both countries had long maintained isolationist tendencies, with limited commerce with the West. China welcomed foreign trade, but western merchants had no privileges there and were confined to Canton, where they could only deal with the Co-hong, a group of traders. Japan was even stricter, allowing commerce only with the Dutch, who had access to only one port, Dejima. This situation was not to be accepted by the Western nations for long, however, and by 1834 Lord

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