Bl St Final

Bl St Final - 1 Chris Kim Black Studies 169CR Professor...

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Chris Kim Black Studies 169CR Professor Johnson December 11, 2009 Final Section A Septima Poinsette Clark (b. 1898 – d. 1987) was a civil rights leader and a pioneer in the fight for equal rights to education for African Americans. As a schoolteacher, she sought to empower Blacks politically and socially by means of education. She is most well known for organizing Citizenship schools that taught reading to adults throughout the Deep South. This was significant in the increase of African American voters as well as furthering the development of leaders to the civil rights movement. Black Nationalism was a political and social movement in the 1960s by African Americans for the redefinition of black national identity. It originated from Marcus Garvey and his Universal Negro Improvement Association as a stark opposition to multiculturalism. Many of its followers advocated for the creation of a separate black nation by and for African Americans. They also stressed the importance of self-pride and having a separate identity from the majority whites. Section B 2. What were the principal commonalities underlying the aims of the Black Panther Party and the Black Liberation Army? Black Panther Party was a revolutionary group that promoted Black Power and the advancement of African Americans in the 1960s and the 1970s. The Black Liberation Army was a black nationalist-Marxist organization from 1970 to 1981that focused on the struggle of the black people in the United States. Although the BLA came after the disintegration of the BPP, they shared comparable goals and traits in the way they carried out their plans and operations. These similarities would aid in the growth and ultimately lead to their demise. The BLA and BPP operated with the common ideology of Marxism and Anti- Capitalism. These ideals were a stark opposition to the common and majority-accepted views of the people in America. Both of the factions were also similar in the violent 1
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manner in which they carried out acts of “justice”. They were far from being peaceful and both had multiple run-ins with the law. The BLA was involved in over 60 incidents of violence in their short run as a militant organization, and the BPP had been so violent that the FBI had them on constant watch. They both lacked a central government within their organizations. This lack of common leadership and command would prove to be detrimental to their advancements and hinder their maintenance of power and growth. The independence of the members and divisions among them led to much confusion
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Bl St Final - 1 Chris Kim Black Studies 169CR Professor...

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