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��學 - Chapter 1 EXERCISE True (T) or False...

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Chapter 1 EXERCISE True (T) or False (F) 1-5 FTTFF 6-10 TTFFT 11-14 FTTF Fill in the blanks 1. Phonetics 2. phoneme 3. minimal; pat ; bat 4. Phonology 5. Articulatory; Acoustic; Auditory 6. Articulatory 7. Acoustic 8. Auditory 9. Allophones 10. International Phonetic Alphabet 11. Phonetic Transcription 12. Phonetic; Allophonic;broad;narrow 13. homographs; homonyms Questions 1. a. Language is considered as a tool of communication. Speech, the spoken form, is used more frequently to express our meanings on formal and informal occasions. b. Language is considered as a tool of communication. Dialects is that those variants of language usage within a language c. Phonetics is the study of speech sounds. Phonology is the study of the sound system and pattern of a language. d. Phoneme is a distinctive phonetic segment that has the contrastive function of making two words distinct in meaning. Allophone can be defined as a predictable phonetic variant of a phoneme, or a number of a phoneme caused by the phonetic environment of the phoneme in a word. e. Homograph (words that are spelled the same but pronounced differently) is represented by different sounds.
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Homonym (words that are spelled the same or differently but pronounced the same) is represented by the same sounds. 2. a. New England dialect (Northeast) South American dialect (South) General American dialect (Midwest) b. General American dialect, it is spoken by the majority of Americans. 3. a. K.K and T.S b. K.K:a.b.c.d.g.i.m.n.r.s T.S:e.f.h.j.k.l.o.p.q.t.u.v 4. It is the process of writing or transcribing speech sounds as they are heard. Allophonic transcription represents our speech sounds more precisely. Phonemic transcription is used in the dictionary. 5. It provided a way for phoneticians to have easy access to the study of unfamiliar liar speech sounds. With the uniform symbols of all spoken sounds designed, the IPA thus closed the gap between the written form (spelling) and the spoken form (speech) of most languages in the world. 6. tear 7. island
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Chapter 2 EXERCISE True (T) or False (F) 1-5 FTTFT 6-10 FTFTT Fill in the blanks 1. speech mechanism 2. diaphragm 3. respiratory; laryngeal; supralaryngeal 4. laryngeal 5. larynx; vocal folds 6. Thyroid; Cricoid; Arytenoid 7. vocal folds 8. glottis 9. Voiced; voiceless 10. supralaryngeal 11. pharyngeal; oral; nasal 12. pharynx 13. Nasopharynx; Oropharynx; Laryngopharynx 14. velopharyngeal 15. oral 16. epiglottis 17. nasal 18. articulators 19. Vocal folds; Lips; Tongue; Jaw; Teeth; Alveolar ridge; Hard palate; Velum 20. place; manner; voicing Questions 1. There are three systems that interact with each other in producing speech. There are respiratory, laryngeal, and supralaryngeal systems. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 06/08/2011 for the course LOLO HJ 382 taught by Professor Olo during the Spring '11 term at Hutchinson CC.

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��學 - Chapter 1 EXERCISE True (T) or False...

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