Chapter 04 - Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011...

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Unformatted text preview: Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition Living in a Digital World O bjectives Over view {F9022B54-68C2-4973-9A00-460029290542} {500E421B-A18E-417D-AC57-D96E6E6711A0} {A56C519C-6836-4743-84F6-65138B24C92E} {C13E6E9A-0F54-40D5-933B-2711820DD317} itsDescribe thecomputers, notebooktypes how a and mobile devices a proc Differentiatecontrol athe various computers, series of bits represents da on desktop Define unit and arithmetic logic unit components of among bit and describe of memory • See Discovering Computers 22 O bjectives Over view {62880506-C395-42C4-9D9B-E82DB9290D83} {D106D101-98E2-4ADD-B050-08FB6FD9C7E3} {4A98A008-B69A-482F-A840-7B261BA8C6CB} {46F8C1FF-ECF3-4BB6-BC48-FDC9D663380B} r, and explain the differencesexpansiontypes port cleanin acards unit on a co ibe the purpose and typesDescribe the USB of buses other ports of Understand how to adaptersystem among a slots and and a computer • See Discovering Computers 33 T he System Unit • • The Page Discovering Computers 44 T he System Unit {33DB948F-D513-4988-863E-EAD44 01F9988} {14438694-CBAD-4D60-9C6E-9E320 58D74E6} {43BED282-EF8D-4773-A045-AAB8B 17F1DE4} {1C74C46F-96AB-475E-9CED-46CF6 11C1870} {7D1C6490-ECDF-4DEA-A2AC-63CB 7D8F088C} {8ECBE45D-E4FD-46D3-8A78-672DC BCE652C} rive bay(s) card supply Memory Sound card Video Processor Power • Page The Discovering Computers 55 T he System Unit • Page The Discovering Computers 66 P r ocessor {227C1BE7-7EF2-4D5A-B1A4-AC86C6AD4ED4} {03F18DD5-2CC3-490F-A280-7957B2776634} {62FC1EBC-8D28-4BD2-9C2C-1E3D3BA80C45} Multi-core processor Quad-core processor Dual-core processor • Page The Discovering Computers 77 P r ocessor • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Multi-Core Processors below Chapter 4 Page Discovering Computers 88 P r ocessor • Page The Discovering Computers 99 P r ocessor • Page For Discovering Computers 10 10 P r ocessor {65560D38-9627-436A-B706-1F41F5168DEC} The system clock controls the timing of all computer operations {BC9EDA91-039A-4565-98D4-66072A0FC41A} of the system clock is called the clock speed, and is measured in gigahert • Page Discovering Computers 11 11 D ata R epr esentation d bytes {3579A3F4-E1DD-40E6-94A1-0583B84B50F6} {830E09D5-6AA9-4C5F-B704-F67199D5E19B} al signals are in one of two states: on or off Most computers are digital {4EAB609F-7BC0-4D40-BDB9-797716EE83FE} {DCAE4EC6-51C3-453A-81EC-33973E2B936B} Most computers are digital binary system uses two unique digits (0 The • Page Discovering Computers 12 12 D ata R epr esentation • • A computer circuit represents the 0 Page • Eight bits grouped together as a Discovering Computers 13 13 D ata R epr esentation • Page ASCII Discovering Computers 14 14 D ata R epr esentation • Page Discovering Computers 15 15 M emor y {50590502-C566-42B0-8DA8-17F2C634FDBA} {9AF22B55-DA6F-4462-B2EC-3625B03E8463} {EBBCB39F-DD93-4A09-93AE-66543D0DDEE1} Application programs Data being processed andThe resulting information other system the operating system and • • Page Discovering Computers 16 16 M emor y • Page Each Discovering Computers 17 17 M emor y s flash memory, and CMOS ,hen power is turned off when power is removed {F9980DF9-BC54-4DC4-BF78-377DD6080FA1} {0F1D1E59-2857-4D34-B753-0F07CEEA8167} Volatile memory Nonvolatile memory {7E1D3F08-7DE9-4131-9BCD-739AB6DBE449} Example includes RAM • Page The Discovering Computers 18 18 M emor y • Page Discovering Computers 19 19 M emor y {F2111522-32E0-467E-8CCB-C8D50763FB9C} {3D7CF427-20CA-4494-8372-0293F0682A77} {2B22A832-F9DA-4335-BB8B-D046B7576135} gnetoresistive RAM (MRAM) RAM (SRAM) Dynamic RAM (DRAM) Static • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click RAM below Chapter 4 Page Thre Discovering Computers 20 20 M emor y • Page RAM Discovering Computers 21 21 M emor y • Page The Discovering Computers 22 22 M emor y ware {7EAFD218-86CF-4CCE-B97E-A8CA61C2F5F0} ly memory (ROM) refers to memory chips storing permanent data and ins • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click ROM below Chapter 4 Page Discovering Computers 23 23 M emor y • • Page Discovering Computers 24 24 M emor y • • Page Discovering Computers 25 25 E xpansion Slots and Adapter C ar ds • • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Video Cards below Chapter 4 An Page Discovering Computers 26 26 E xpansion Slots and Adapter C ar ds • Page Rem Discovering Computers 27 27 P or ts and Connector s {8D7B9D71-D684-4753-9058-B412E2BF7489} {5045AFF0-A810-46CC-91FE-E80DAC85592B} t A connector joins a cable to a port is the point at which a peripheral attaches to or communicates with a syst • Page Discovering Computers 28 28 P or ts and Connector s • Page Discovering Computers 29 29 P or ts and Connector s • Page On a Discovering Computers 30 30 P or ts and Connector s • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click USB Ports below Chapter 4 Page A Discovering Computers 31 31 P or ts and Connector s {09DFF511-E5BD-49B0-93B8-16C0FF7063BA} {9D0FE34A-0E1B-4BAA-AE48-C71F49A18E11} {368860EF-7155-4465-A43A-C5D9A691639F} {13805DD6-4B24-4801-A815-4B564FFE04B9} {693A4F77-C71E-4A7A-8644-1F70A5ABF51E} {2B51FE2F-8670-4279-99C0-B46DCE93694A} IrDA port MIDI port SCSI port Bluetooth port Firewire port eSATA port • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click FireWire below Chapter 4 Page Othe Discovering Computers 32 32 P or ts and Connector s • • A p or t Page Discovering Computers 33 33 B uses • Page A Discovering Computers 34 34 B ays • Page A Discovering Computers 35 35 P ower Supply {4CE77C02-33E6-4FB1-BF00-D82E2B3B9FB3} {3830328D-E6EC-446E-9071-C9141BA44FFA} rals have an AC adapterpwhichsupply converts the wall outlet AC power The , ower is an external power supply • Page Discovering Computers 36 36 P utting I t All Together {B092F18C-D48D-4CA0-B0F8-55A5583B0838} {500A649E-DD76-4545-B148-FB45727DF691} {B4E562F2-791D-4A7B-B365-38287B32B740} Mobile Home Intel Core i7 Extreme Core 2 Quad or Intel Core 2 Duo or A Intel or AMD Turion X2 AMD Athlon X2 or AMD Athlon II X2 Dual-Code Minimum RAM:Minimum RAM: 2 GB 2 GB • Page Discovering Computers 37 37 P utting I t All Together {BC856B81-3BA0-4469-A1A3-6906CEFB8160} {94019479-69F0-4FE6-A8CD-EA7A647851E6} Power or Intel Itanium 2 or Extreme or AMD Athlon X2 or AMD Athlon II X2 Dual-Core AMD 6-Core Opteron or Intel Quad Core Xeon Minimum RAM: 8 GB M: 4 GB • Page Discovering Computers 38 38 K eeping Your Computer or M obile D evice Clean {43B84856-AB61-4F9D-BAE7-87FE93E0FDFE} {781CE070-380F-4B21-82FE-422912BD8F2B} {15F201AA-220F-4778-8262-590AD26CEF52} {9C758D90-A69C-402F-A5C6-347286181183} leancase and a cleaning solution and soft cloth to cleancomputer or mobile the your computer or mobile device onceunplug your away dust Use compressedor twice a year screen Turn off and air blow the • Page Discovering Computers 39 39 V ideo: T he L eopar d w ith a T ime M achine CL I CK T O ST ART Discovering Computers 40 40 Summar y {7BEA1FE1-B005-46A7-A3A7-B2C214D2D4B8} {599521C6-8763-461B-9C7A-472E2F2CE097} {C0C17047-01E4-4190-8A02-F5325A4C5C51} {90E202AC-C6D6-4671-A334-85CDDED6BCAA} {4BE61A80-F514-4E80-B78E-1A2FBAB1DD95} nal computeroccur whenHow tomarketthe exteriorinstruction of athe syste erations that processors oncomputer executes anand information system How memory stores data, instructions, Components of a the clean today and interior • Page Discovering Computers 41 41 H omewor k • CPU Discovering Computers 42 42 Discovering Computers Fundamentals, 2011 Edition Living in a Digital World Chapter 4 Complete ...
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