Chapter 04 - Discovering Computers 2010 Living in a Digital...

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Unformatted text preview: Discovering Computers 2010 Living in a Digital World Objectives Overview {5CCD30EB-14A7-48E7-83F0-1B93CDFE1336} {3A3C3898-FAB4-41B6-95AE-A8908C149D02} {8301D7D4-8967-4058-A030-DB08D4B8AB31} {B843911C-63B3-46B9-A4FD-4DECB98737F2} {F9022B54-68C2-4973-9A00-460029290542} {8DA7AA99-8DC2-4683-91FA-C5CEC87AB1E5} programainstructions transfer inaandsystembits theon desktop computers, not ponents of amongdescribe how processors on represents today, cycle com sDefine bitpersonal computer Identifyof memory a machine and describ fferentiate a processor, and explain the ofchips, adapter cards, and other of various and various styles of outfour steps market data series units in • See Discovering Computers 2010: 22 Objectives Overview {BE1A31AF-5BCF-4DAC-841E-B5EC982FA7D9} {D4456D95-B170-4294-9219-4F38A9419603} {D106D101-98E2-4ADD-B050-08FB6FD9C7E3} {2D0F8F17-7B14-4BF6-AC46-230BA2011642} {B9FAFAC5-3A52-4EE0-954C-02FBAE2DA9DE} {BD4D9BD1-9433-46E5-8BF0-74077387D800} der supply and describeamong various port, FireWire port,removablebuses o explain the differences how it ahow to types ofDescribe theBluetooth flash S adapter cards, andUnderstand keeps cool afor various on a computer i Differentiate among the USB clean system unit types of port, m differentiate among slots memory • See Discovering Computers 2010: 33 The System Unit • • The Page Discovering Computers 2010: 44 The System Unit {33DB948F-D513-4988-863E-EAD44 01F9988} {14438694-CBAD-4D60-9C6E-9E320 58D74E6} {43BED282-EF8D-4773-A045-AAB8B 17F1DE4} {1C74C46F-96AB-475E-9CED-46CF6 11C1870} {7D1C6490-ECDF-4DEA-A2AC-63CB 7D8F088C} {8ECBE45D-E4FD-46D3-8A78-672DC BCE652C} rive bay(s) card supply Memory Sound card Video Processor Power • Page The Discovering Computers 2010: 55 The System Unit • Page The Discovering Computers 2010: 66 Processor {227C1BE7-7EF2-4D5A-B1A4-AC86C6AD4ED4} {03F18DD5-2CC3-490F-A280-7957B2776634} {62FC1EBC-8D28-4BD2-9C2C-1E3D3BA80C45} Multi-core processor Quad-core processor Dual-core processor • Page The Discovering Computers 2010: 77 Processor • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 88 Processor • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Control Unit below Chapter 4 Page The Discovering Computers 2010: 99 Processor • Page For Discovering Computers 2010: 10 10 Processor • Page Most Discovering Computers 2010: 11 11 Processor ck speed, and is measured in gigahertz (GHz) {65560D38-9627-436A-B706-1F41F5168DEC} {9AC19405-0CBD-4910-B1F3-52E92748014F} lock controls the The processor contains operations timing of all computer registers, that temporarily hold da • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 12 12 Processor • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Multi-Core Processors below Chapter 4 Page The Discovering Computers 2010: 13 13 Processor • Page Deter Discovering Computers 2010: 14 14 Processor Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Liquid Cooling • Page A below Chapter 4 Discovering Computers 2010: 15 15 Processor • • Parall Page Discovering Computers 2010: 16 16 Data Representation d bytes {3579A3F4-E1DD-40E6-94A1-0583B84B50F6} {684B29AD-F7AD-4151-B1DC-6C11966CA012} al signals are in one of two states: on orare continuous and vary in strength Analog signals off {4EAB609F-7BC0-4D40-BDB9-797716EE83FE} {DCAE4EC6-51C3-453A-81EC-33973E2B936B} Most computers are digital binary system uses two unique digits (0 The • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 17 17 Data Representation • • A computer circuit represents the 0 Page • Eight bits grouped together as a Discovering Computers 2010: 18 18 Data Representation • Page ASCII Discovering Computers 2010: 19 19 Data Representation • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 20 20 Memory {50590502-C566-42B0-8DA8-17F2C634FDBA} {9AF22B55-DA6F-4462-B2EC-3625B03E8463} {EBBCB39F-DD93-4A09-93AE-66543D0DDEE1} Application programs Data being processed andThe resulting information other system the operating system and • • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 21 21 Memory • Page Each Discovering Computers 2010: 22 22 Memory s flash memory, and CMOS ,hen power is turned off when power is removed {F9980DF9-BC54-4DC4-BF78-377DD6080FA1} {0F1D1E59-2857-4D34-B753-0F07CEEA8167} Volatile memory Nonvolatile memory {7E1D3F08-7DE9-4131-9BCD-739AB6DBE449} Example includes RAM • Page The Discovering Computers 2010: 23 23 Memory • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 24 24 Memory {F2111522-32E0-467E-8CCB-C8D50763FB9C} {3D7CF427-20CA-4494-8372-0293F0682A77} {2B22A832-F9DA-4335-BB8B-D046B7576135} gnetoresistive RAM (MRAM) RAM (SRAM) Dynamic RAM (DRAM) Static • Page Thre Discovering Computers 2010: 25 25 Memory • Page RAM Discovering Computers 2010: 26 26 Memory • Page The Discovering Computers 2010: 27 27 Memory • • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Windows ReadyBoost below Chapter 4 Page Discovering Computers 2010: 28 28 Memory {7E6C69CC-CA2A-479B-BBD6-62368AAB5CF8} {7EAFD218-86CF-4CCE-B97E-A8CA61C2F5F0} ly memory) chip is amemory (ROM) refers to be written to permanently Read-only blank ROM chip that can memory chips storing perm {AE35A4F0-0B00-4D86-834D-D95CE1CFB37C} {7894D48A-A43C-4DCB-9446-2CD42665DC92} EEPROM can be erased • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click ROM below Chapter 4 Page Firmware Discovering Computers 2010: 29 29 Memory • • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 30 30 Memory • • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 31 31 Expansion Slots and Adapter Cards • • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Video Cards below Chapter 4 An Page Discovering Computers 2010: 32 32 Expansion Slots and Adapter Cards • Page With Discovering Computers 2010: 33 33 Expansion Slots and Adapter Cards • Page Rem Discovering Computers 2010: 34 34 Ports and Connectors {8D7B9D71-D684-4753-9058-B412E2BF7489} {5045AFF0-A810-46CC-91FE-E80DAC85592B} t A connector joins a cable to a port is the point at which a peripheral attaches to or communicates with a syst • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Digital Audio Port below Chapter 4 Page Discovering Computers 2010: 35 35 Ports and Connectors • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 36 36 Ports and Connectors • Page On a Discovering Computers 2010: 37 37 Ports and Connectors • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 38 38 Ports and Connectors • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click USB Ports below Chapter 4 Page A Discovering Computers 2010: 39 39 Ports and Connectors {09DFF511-E5BD-49B0-93B8-16C0FF7063BA} {368860EF-7155-4465-A43A-C5D9A691639F} {9D0FE34A-0E1B-4BAA-AE48-C71F49A18E11} {693A4F77-C71E-4A7A-8644-1F70A5ABF51E} {15B56F61-870D-477E-AD0D-FE0014E433B8} {13805DD6-4B24-4801-A815-4B564FFE04B9} {2B51FE2F-8670-4279-99C0-B46DCE93694A} IrDA port SCSI port MIDI port Firewire port Serial port Bluetooth port eSATA port • Page Othe Discovering Computers 2010: 40 40 Ports and Connectors • • A Bluetooth wireless port adapter converts a USB port into a Bluetooth port Page • A smart phone might communicate Discovering Computers 2010: 41 41 Ports and Connectors • • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Docking Station below Chapter 4 A port Page Discovering Computers 2010: 42 42 Buses • • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 43 43 Buses {5F5C328C-9EAC-49AF-933E-C903E7DAA2CF} {27614628-8397-4C1C-9253-D4BA4457564F} {24BB541A-A369-4A34-801F-4AD13E304D89} {32324837-D0A0-4740-AF03-6D3886CB12E2} {ABEE5485-7330-407C-9425-151B385EB1EB} PCI Express bus Card bus PC Accelerated Graphics Port bus and FireWire b PCI USB • Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 4, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click FireWire below Chapter 4 Page Expa Discovering Computers 2010: 44 44 Bays • • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 45 45 Power Supply {4CE77C02-33E6-4FB1-BF00-D82E2B3B9FB3} {3830328D-E6EC-446E-9071-C9141BA44FFA} rals have an AC adapterpwhichsupply converts the wall outlet AC power The , ower is an external power supply • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 46 46 Putting It All Together {B092F18C-D48D-4CA0-B0F8-55A5583B0838} {500A649E-DD76-4545-B148-FB45727DF691} {B4E562F2-791D-4A7B-B365-38287B32B740} Mobile Home Intel Core 2 Extreme or 2 Duo or Intel X2 Intel Core AMD Turion Celeron Dual Core xtreme or AMD Athlon FX or AMD Athlon X2 Dual-Code Minimum RAM: 2 GB RAM: 2 GB Minimum • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 47 47 Putting It All Together {BC856B81-3BA0-4469-A1A3-6906CEFB8160} {94019479-69F0-4FE6-A8CD-EA7A647851E6} Power tel Core 2 Extreme or AMD Athlon FX or AMD Intel Quad Core Xeon or Intel Itanium 2 or AMD Quad Core Opteron or Athlon X2 Dual-Core Minimum RAM: 8 GB • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 48 48 Keeping Your Computer or Mobile Device Clean {43B84856-AB61-4F9D-BAE7-87FE93E0FDFE} {781CE070-380F-4B21-82FE-422912BD8F2B} {15F201AA-220F-4778-8262-590AD26CEF52} {9C758D90-A69C-402F-A5C6-347286181183} leancase and a cleaning solution and soft cloth to cleancomputer or mobile the your computer or mobile device onceunplug your away dust Use compressedor twice a year screen Turn off and air blow the • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 49 49 Video: The Leopard with a Time Machine CLICK TO START Discovering Computers 2010: 50 50 Summary {7BEA1FE1-B005-46A7-A3A7-B2C214D2D4B8} {599521C6-8763-461B-9C7A-472E2F2CE097} {C0C17047-01E4-4190-8A02-F5325A4C5C51} {90E202AC-C6D6-4671-A334-85CDDED6BCAA} {4BE61A80-F514-4E80-B78E-1A2FBAB1DD95} nal computeroccur whenHow tomarketthe exteriorinstruction of athe syste erations that processors oncomputer executes anand information system How memory stores data, instructions, Components of a the clean today and interior • Page Discovering Computers 2010: 51 51 Discovering Computers 2010 Living in a Digital World Chapter 4 Complete ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/08/2011 for the course COMPUTER CGS2100 taught by Professor Sanders during the Spring '09 term at Florida State College.

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