chapter4

chapter4 - Chapter 4 Toward a Psychology of Stress Modern...

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Chapter 4 Toward a Psychology of Stress
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“Modern man is sick, because he is not whole.” — Carl Gustav Jung
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Freud and the Egg
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Purpose of the Ego • To protect against threats (it’s the ego that signals the fight-or-flight response) • To increase pleasure • To decrease pain
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Figure 4.2 Freud compared the abstract concept of the human psyche to a delicate egg.
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Purpose of the Ego Freud believed that there is always tension within each individual as the ego is responsible for controlling the impulses from the id.
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The Ego’s Defenses • Defense mechanisms are used in response to feelings of anger and fear (stress) • Each defense mechanism is a camouflage of reality • They are used unconsciously • We use more than one at a time • Overprotection can be as dangerous as underprotection
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The Ego’s Defense Mechanisms 1. Denial 2. Repression 3. Projection 4. Displacement 5. Rationalization 6. Humor
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Jung and the Iceberg
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Mind as a Metaphorical Iceberg Conscious Mind Personal Unconscious Mind Collective Unconscious Mind
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Figure 4.5
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This note was uploaded on 06/08/2011 for the course HSC 4104 taught by Professor Kellyrhoads during the Summer '11 term at FAU.

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chapter4 - Chapter 4 Toward a Psychology of Stress Modern...

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