Surname 1Student’s NameProfessor’s Name CourseDateNationalization of Literature in “Hawthorne and His Mosses”Herman Melville's “Hawthorne and His Mosses” illuminates how patriotism affects the literary world. In most cases, literary scholars try to evade demarcations, which will classify a piece of literature either as Anglophone, Francophone, or American; however, this issue exists clandestinely in literature. Melville, in this essay, delves into how Americans need to nurture by supporting the growth of its writers. To demonstrate this, Melville shows how the American people treat writers such as Hawthorne. Importantly, in the essay, Hawthorne seems to anchor hisessay on the analysis of American literature from the perspective of English writers. Melville fights the notion that literature is global. As such, he suggests the enhancement of the American literary sphere. Although literature targets a global audience, Melville suggests that America should have a specific position in the literary sphere; as much as literature highlights universal themes, prolific authors have a distinct setting for their works.Melville emphasizes that literature should address certain traditions of a society. In the text, Melville writes, “Americanswho look forward to the coming of a great literary genius among us, they somehow fancy he will come in the costume of Queen Elizabeth's day” (1161). Considerably, Melville uses imagery to demonstrate the misconception that the public has over American writers. In the quote, Melville’s use of ‘Queen Elizabeth’s Day’ denotes the English Culture. Conventionally, Queen Elizabeth is a symbol that represents the English culture.
Surname 2Therefore, by indicating that the Americans expect a writer who is in a Queen’s costume, Melville explains the misconception of the public. Melville suggests that since America had historical ties with England and seemingly its society is used to English writers, it is also thoughtthat American writers should emulate the style of the English people. Notably, Melville believes that this one of the ways through which the Americans have failed in having a robust literary world. Melville is against the nature of packaging American literature from the perspective of theEnglish people. By castigating the people who want to introduce the English traditions, Melville advocates for unique American literature. Significantly, the use of ‘Queen’ is an irony since this type of leadership is foreign to them. Therefore, Melville seems to mock the American audience, which expects authors such as Hawthorne to write about what is foreign. Melville's fear, in this case, is that the continuous use of English symbols in the American literature creates confusion.