This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Chad Williams March 15, 2011 Hum. 144 A Ruthless Critique of Everything that is. During Marx, Nietzsche and Freuds times few questioned the rule of the majority and what was seen as the status quo. They accepted the world they lived in for what it appeared to be on the surface and did not question the origin of the worlds logic and beliefs. Marx, Nietzsche and Freud all revolutionized the way people not only thought about the civilization they lived in, but also brought to many peoples attention how their consciousness was affected by society. Each of the three writers used their own style of critique to bring these revelations to light and help people see the world they really live in is not what seems to be. Marxs critique of historical materialism allowed him to reform the consciousness through the productions of life. Nietzsches critique of genealogy and how with experience our relationship to society is affected. And Freud use of his psychoanalysis techniques to interpret our dreams and explain the internal forces in our consciousness. Each method of critique brought knowledge that reformed the consciousness enabling the world to clarify its consciousness. And by doing so waking it from its dream about itself, to the meaning of its own actions. The world has long been dreaming of something that it can acquire if only it becomes conscious of it. Marx thought that we could reach these transpires if we carried out the thoughts of the past. Focusing on reform through thought and analyzing the consciousness that is unclear to us by using his method of historical materialism, Marx looked for the causes of developments and changes in human society in the means by which humans collectively produce the necessities of life. According to Marx, the combination of forces and relations of production means that the way people relate to the physical world and the way people relate to each other socially are bound up together in specific and necessary ways. Consciousness is a social product closely connected with the development of language, which arises out of needs occurring in human intercourse, and exists to fulfill these needs. What human beings talk about and therefore think about is determined by what their life is. Only through the growth of increased needs and the development of the division of labor is individual consciousness produced. With the division of labor between mental and manual labor, a particularly significant break occurs. It is not the sub consciousness of men that determines their being but their social being that determines their sub consciousness. At certain stages in their development, the material forces of society come in conflict with the existing relations of production. Hence, by identifying our criticism with the political aspect of developing the self we do not confront the world in a doctrinaire way with a new principle, but instead develop new principles for the world out of the worlds own principles. By doing so, show the world new principles for the world out of the worlds own principles....
View Full Document
- Winter '11