Chapter 15 - [This set of tutorial sheet is under the...

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and is provided for free of charge.] Chapter 15: Modern Asia, India, China and Japan Modern India Aryans, native Indians, practise Hinduism. Muslims attacked India. Ancient Indian civilization ended. Modern India The last dynasty: Mogul (Muslims) Westerners came to India to trade. The important product of India: spices Victory of the British The decline of Mogul power - Conflicts between Hindus and Muslims - Lack of unity The rise of powerful merchant class Bengal as a centre of trade with many groups of foreigners Bengal was the first city that the British took over. Jagat Seth, a rich merchant, helped the British took over Bengal by bribing Indian soldiers not to fight with the British. The Battle of Plassey in 1757, the conflicts between the British and Bengal rulers The British won. Lack of nationalism of Indian people British East India Company control of trading system and tax collection In 19 th century, the British were the masters of Indians. The British policy to control India was ‘Divide and Rule’ . A viceroy, governor general, was a direct representative of the Crown in India Queen Victoria (1837-1901) was the queen of England. The characteristic of Indians conservative [The British tried to westernise India but the Indian didn’t want to change. ] The Indian Mutiny, 1857 (The Sepoy Rebellion) Lord Dalhousie, a good viceroy Introduction of new technologies, courts, laws and military Lord Dalhousie prohibited Suttee, an old Indian tradition that the wife must burn herself when the husband dies in order to show respect. Sepoys are the native Indian employed as soldiers in the service of British military. The main cause: the introduction of cartridges to British military. - The British announced that pig fat and cow fat must be used to clean bullets. Muslims pig, Hindus cow The result: British won British Impacts 1. Economic impacts Positive Improvement in economy - Establishment of industries - Development of agriculture Negative Natural resources [The Goods were transported to England through Suez Canal.] 2. Educational impacts 2.1 Orientalists: Sanskrit
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This note was uploaded on 06/08/2011 for the course ART bg1003 taught by Professor Sathintorn during the Spring '11 term at Assumption College.

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Chapter 15 - [This set of tutorial sheet is under the...

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