Conclusion - World Civilization chapter 10-17 Chapter 10...

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World Civilization chapter 10 -17 Chapter 10: The Civilization of the Renaissance (1350-1550) 1) The Renaissance Marks a Rebirth of Learning: Renaissance is a French term, which means rebirth or revival. In European history, it is roughly a 200-year period, during which time there was a strong revival of learning, spurred on by the activities of the newly wealthy classes and their interest in educational pursuits. More specifically, the Renaissance marked a rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman ideas, art, culture and philosophy . 2) The Birth of Humanism and Individualism in Learning: Renaissance scholars engaged in a new philosophy of learning, that of Humanism, which emphasized the "humane" literature of the ancient classical writers who had regarded man as a living person interacting in a vital, dynamic world. These "Humanist" scholars initially studied rhetoric, or literary prose composition and exposition. They soon began to delve into other areas such as history, astronomy, physics, mathematics, chemistry, medicine, poetry, philosophy, politics, and the fine arts. The entire focus of scholarship thus by extension, the focus was away from God and religion, to man and society . Individualism became the byword of the Humanists. Whatever study contributed to the better understanding of the individual in his life in the here-and-now was fodder for the Humanists. 3) The Ideal of the "Renaissance Man:" The ideal Renaissance man was one who had an insatiable curiosity, broad interests and many talents. He should be the master of all he undertook or studied, and he should be engaged in studying many things. He should work toward developing a sharp, critical, questioning mind, which did not rely on unquestioning faith; and, he should work toward maximizing his potential throughout his lifetime. The most famous Renaissance men during the time were Lorenzo de Medici "The Magnificent" of Florence--capitalist, banker, politician, and patron of the arts; Leonardo da VINCI-- painter, sculptor, architect and inventor; Michaelangelo--painter and sculptor; Galileo--physics (discovered the law of falling objects), mathematics (dynamics and motion), astronomy (developed the telescope and produced evidence to support Copernicus' theory that the Earth revolves around the sun); Humanism: Characteristic 1. Revival of antiquity (Greece and Rome) in philosophy, literature and art (Sought to reconcile pagan writings with Christian thought) 2. Strong belief in individualism and the great potential of human beings (in contrast to the Middle Ages where humans were seen as small, wicked and inconsequential and should focus solely on earning salvation) a. Virtú: “the quality of being a man”; idea of excelling in all of one’s pursuits B.Believed the key to a good life was Reason and Nature 3. Focused first on studying ancient languages: a. Initially, Latin of ancient Rome was the main focus.
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2 b. After the fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453, Greek came to be studied
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Conclusion - World Civilization chapter 10-17 Chapter 10...

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