Chapter 17-Law - Chapter 17-Probation Parole and...

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Chapter 17-Probation, Parole, and Community-Based Correction Community-based correction-includes activities and programs within the community that have effective ties with the local environment-generally of a rehabilitative rather than a punitive nature and can include arrangements with employment, educational, socialm and clinical service delivery system -diversion programs are sometimes referred to as intermediate sanctions-sanctions falling between the extremes of fines and impriosonments -reasons for community based correctional strategies 1. growth in humanitarian movement in corrections 2. unfavorable consequences of imprisonment impede successful rehabilitation and community reintegration 3. costs far less to supervise criminals in the community than in prisons 4. help offenders play productive roles in their neighborhoods and communities 5. reduces overcrowding 6. new approaches must be tested aside from the traditional forms of punishment Criminal Justice Diversion Diversion-the removal of offenders from the application of the criminal law at any stage of the police or court processes -impleies the formal halting or suspending of traditional criminal proceedings against individuals win favor of processing them through some noncriminal disposition or mean -occurs before adjudication
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The Development of Diversion -police removing a drunk -social-therapeutic programs in lie of conviction and punishment -Chicago Boys’ Court-extralegal form of probation -after a boy was supervised a report of the boy’s activities would be presented and no criminal record would be placed Patterns of Diversion -diversion reduces backlog, provides early intervention, consistency in law enforcement reduces costs of criminal processing and enhance an offender’s chances for community reintergration -soceity contributes to the very behavior that it tries to eliminate by: 1. forcing interaction with more experienced criminals 2. convicted felons were denied oppurtunites to play legitimate roles 3. individual’s self-concept was changed to that of a criminal -diversion programs are mainly designed for youths who commit minor crimes such as assault or for specific offenders such as drinking or drugs 1. Youth Servce Bureaus-offer counseling , job assistance tuoring etc. 2. public inebriate programs-alchohol detoxification centers rather than in jails 3. Civil Commitment-community id protected by the removal of offenders to a rehabiltation center while the offenders receive treatment instead of criminal sanctions and stigma
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4. Citizen Dispute settlement-cases mediated by a disinterested third party at the family or neighborhood level 5. Treatment Alternatives to Street Crimes-program designed to be a liason between the criminal justice system and community treatment programs-program for substance-abusing arrestees, probationers, and prolees The Impact of Diversion - difficult to access Community Service Programs -defendants charged with petty offenses perform community service in lieu of prosection
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Chapter 17-Law - Chapter 17-Probation Parole and...

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