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social psychology-Chapter 6 Conformity

social psychology-Chapter 6 Conformity - Chapter 6...

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Chapter 6 Conformity What is conformity? --we choose labels to suite our values and judgments that describe and evaluate -conformity is not just acting as other people act it is being affected by how they act -Conformity-a change in behavior or belief in accord with others -two types of variations on conformity-acceptance and compliance -compliance-conformity that involved publicly acting in accord with an implied or explict request while privately disagreeing-putting on a necktie even though we don’t like doing it -obedience-acting in accord with a direct order-it is an explicit command -Acceptance-conformity that involves both acting and believing in accord with social pressure-inward conformity-sometimes follows compliance-e.g joining others drinking milk because were convinced that it is nutritious What are classic conformity studies ? -Sherif’s Studies of Norm Formation -did an experiment to observe the emergence of a social norm in the laboratory -participant has to guess how far the light moved-your average guess is 8 inches-next day your joined by 2 others and they guess 1 inch-you change your guess to 6 inches -Autokinetic phenomenon-self auto motion (kinetic). The apparent movement of a stationary point of light in the dark -a year later when these participants were tested again they didn’t diverge from their answers
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-confederate-an accomplice of the experimenter -in another experiment a confederate gives an inflated estimate of how far the light moved then he was replaced by a partiapant and another and what happened was they became unwitting consipirators in perpetuating a cultural fraud -lesson-our views of reality are not ours alone -being around happy people makes us happy-mood linkage -chameleon effect-when one person yawns you yawn-an automatic behavior done without conscious intention to conform and it would incline you to feel what the other feels -suggestibility-windshields were broken-more reports surfaced because given the suggestion we had carefully looked at our windshields instead of through them -auto accidents and suicides increase after well publicized suicides or soap operas ASH’s Studies of Group Pressure -volunteer asked to determine which line matches with the standard line-5 people agree- then the 3 rd trial the 1 st person gives a wrong answer then the 2 nd person gives a wrong answer-those that answered alone were correct more than 99% of the time-w/ other people giving wrong answers 37% conformed -results-reasonably intelligent and well-meaning young people are willing to call white black is a matter concern.
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