Chapter 1,2 - Part One Introduction to Management Chapter 1...

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Part One. Introduction to Management Chapter 1
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The Definition of Management Management – the study of organizational goals in an effective and efficient method through planning, organizing, leading and controlling organizational resources . Although some management theorists identify additional management functions, as communicating, or decision making,those additional functions will be discussed as subsets of the four primary functions.
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The Four Management Functions Planning -the management function concerned with defining goals for future organizational performance and deciding on the tasks and resource use needed to attain them A lack of planning-or poor planning- can hurt an organization’s performance
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Organizing Organizing typically follows planning and reflects how the organization tries to accomplish the plan Organizing – the management function concerned with defining tasks, grouping tasks into departments, and allocating resources to departments
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Leading Providing leadership is becoming an increasingly important management function Leading - the management function that involves the use of influence to motivate employees to achieve the organization’s goals
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Controlling Controlling - the management function concerned with monitoring employees’ activities, keeping the organization on track toward its goals, and making corrections as needed In fact, organization failure can occur when managers are not serious about control or lack control information
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Organizational Performance Effectiveness – the degree to which the organization achieves a stated goal Efficiency – the use of minimal resources – raw materials,money, and people – to produce a desired volume of output. Performance – the organization’s ability to attain its goals in an efficient and effective manner
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Management Skills A manager’s job is complex and multidimensional and requires a range of skills. The necessary skills for managing can be summarized in three categories: Conceptual Human Technical
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Conceptual Skills Conceptual Skills – the cognitive ability to see the organization as a whole and the relationship among its parts Conceptual skill involves the manager’s thinking, information processing, and planning abilities Conceptual skills are needed by all managers, but are specially important for managers at the top
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Conceptual Skills Conceptual skill means the ability to “think strategically”- to take the broad, long-term view. As managers move up the hierarchy, they must develop conceptual skills or their promotability will be limited A senior engineering manager who is mired in technical matters rather than thinking strategically will not perform well at the the top of the organization
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Human Skills Human Skills – the ability to work with and through other people and to work effectively as a group member This skill is demonstrated in the way a manager
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Chapter 1,2 - Part One Introduction to Management Chapter 1...

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