SOCIAL PSYCH NOTES

SOCIAL PSYCH NOTES - Socialpsych 18:31...

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Social psych 18:31 Social Psychological Questions Why do people fail to help others in an emergency? Why do people sometimes set themselves up for failure How does culture influence peoples behavior THE SCIENTIFIC SUTDY OF THE WAY THE THOUGHTS, FEELINGS, AND  BEHAVIOR OF INDICIDULAS ARE AFFECTED BY THE REAL, IMAGINED, OR  IMPLIED PRESENCE OF OTHERS Social psych vs. related disciplines Sociology Personality psych: personality psych explains behavior more in terms of  dispositional traits o Ex. Might look at the relationship between narcissism and aggression  rather than heat and aggression o Personality looks at stable features Clinical psych o abnormalities Cognitive psych o Focuses on memory rather than memory for people(how we remember  people) RESCEARCH METHODS Understanding of empirical findings
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What is a theory? An integrated set of principles that seeks to explain and predict the  relationship between two or more events Framing: how a question is prevented Anchoring bias:  Is the Mississippi river longer or shorter than 500 miles?—892 Is the Mississippi river longer or shorter than 3000 miles—2620 miles Random sampling Everyone inpopulation of interest has equal chance of being included Random assignment Everyone in experiment has equal chance of being assigned to each group Applies to experiments o Ex. If there’s a variable its random who’s on which side Randomization: Random sampling affects who gets put in the study in the first place Random assignment decides who gets assigned to the treatment assigment
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External validity: whether your experiment can be attributed to population Internal validity: whether your experiment is for sure accurate Chosing a Method Depens on what we want to know o Correlational research Relationships between variables o Experimental Correlational research Naturally occurring relationships measured So more natural Problems: bidirectinality Difficult to know which variable insluences the other Ex. If you drink you do worse in school OR you drink because youre sad  youre doing worse Problems: 3 rd  variable When theres a higher murder rate, ice cream sales go up 3 rd  variable is daily temperature which affects murder rate
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Experimental Paradigm Manipulation and measurment o Alter level, intensity, presence of indipendant variable o Measure dpeendant variable INDEPENDENT VARIABLE DEPENDS ON DEPENDANT VARIABLE Control Control influence of extraneous variables Randomizatin Controls differences between groups o You cant hypothesize that one group is just better because if its random  that wont happen Subject variables
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2011 for the course PSYC 319 taught by Professor Obrien during the Spring '11 term at Tulane.

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SOCIAL PSYCH NOTES - Socialpsych 18:31...

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