PHILOSOPHY OF LAW NOTES

PHILOSOPHY OF LAW NOTES - Willtheory(choicetheory...

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reading Kramer rights without trimmings 20:14 Will theory(choice theory): Interest Theory(benefit theory): Interest theory is better Tacit consent of sovereign 4th OBJECTION TO IMPERATIVE MODEL OF LAW: imperative model cant  explain the continuity and persistence of laws habits of obedience vs. rules habits of obedience(habits of behavior) anyone could Identify exs.  Distinction between being obliged and being obligated
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obligated: having the right attitude Obliged: don’t understand rule but do it so you don’t get hurt LAST OBJECTION: there can be genuine legal systems that are nothing like  a  soverign model what’s important about them is power conferring rules Power conferring rules: limit the powers that legislatures have Popular sovereignty: hart disagrees with, the idea that the people are the ultimate  law makers RULE OF RECOGNITION(cont’d) complex ultimate rule supreme criterion of legal validity or source of valid law hierarchy written text o us constitution plus amendments o acts of the legislature
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o judge made SOFT POSITIVISM Pre legal system: only way we know the rules exist is that we see people  behaving in ways that reflect the rules Genuine legal system: primary laws exist even though they may not be habitually  obeyed. Rules exist as valid laws as long as they pass the test of a rule of  recognition 116-117 the two necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of the  genuine legal system rules of behavior which are valid according to the system of validity its rules of recognition are accepted claim             privilege, permission, liberty       power           immunity        no claim       duty                    disability       liability JURAL OPPOSITES
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according to hohfeld both Kramer and steiner accept this KRAMER”S INTEREST THEORY Presupposes a strictly logical interpretation of hohfelds classification/framework STEINERS will or choice theory of rights Presupposes a working interpretation of hohfelds classification Power- liberty Liability-  no claim that the power holder not exercise his/her power Disability=no power >>no liberty=duty INTEREST THEORY: A RIGHT IS A CLAIM  the idea of a right boils down to the notion that we have a hoffeldian claim.  NOT ALL DEFENDERS OF THE INTEREST THEORY ACCEPT  CLAIMS ARE ALWAYS CORRELATIVE WITH DUTIES(KRAMER)\
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CHOICE THEORY  A RIGHT IS A CLAIM AND THE POWERS TO DEMAND FULFILMENT OF THE CORRELATIVE  DUTIES OR TO WAIVE THOSE DUTEIS INTEREST THEORY(KRAMER): CONCEPT OF RIGHT IS A CLAIM on society  to protect some interest of the individual with the claim
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2011 for the course PHIL 300 taught by Professor Riley during the Spring '11 term at Tulane.

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PHILOSOPHY OF LAW NOTES - Willtheory(choicetheory...

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