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* Locke* purpose of the state-prevent chaos, anarchy, destruction
* should not include religion-separation of church and state
Why separate church and state?
* t rue belief does not come from being forced to believe in something
* the state can punish people for not believing in something-while this may change outward
behavior, it would make you a hypocrite if you don’t actually believe it
* the state is not in charge of people’s souls according to the Bible-religious argument
* if the state could actually change people’s beliefs, then logically, one country would be
r ight, and all the others would be wrong-this means that, for example, if you’re French, you’re going
t o hell-where one is born determines their salvation-absurd, according to Locke
* no one is technically “born” into a religion, but we tend to follow the religion in which we were
*when the state is not involved in religious matters, less chaos within and without the state
Mi ll*arguments are necessary
*f reedom of speech, press is necessary for purposes of reason-i t is necessary to hear multiple views
*opinions are valuable to everyone, not just one person-how we reach t ruth
* the only way we can reach t ruth is to consider all the alternatives, and find the best argument-why
we need free speech ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2011 for the course PHIL Philosophy taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Oglethorpe.
- Spring '11