final 1 - 1 Caffrey Francis November 1, 2010 Dr. Mcquillan...

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1 Caffrey Francis November 1, 2010 Dr. Mcquillan T/TH/Time: 4:30-5:45 Socrates’ and Odysseus’ Self-Understanding An apology is a speech one gives on one’s own behalf. The Greek word “apologia” means a speech that defends a person’s actions. In The Apology , Socrates is a man who knows himself well. This helps him oppose the charges of corrupting the youth and undermining state religion which he is brought up on. In The Apology , Socrates demonstrates that his apology is an accurate account of his self, by proving that Meletus does not care about how the young are brought up and by proving that Meletus contradicts his claim that Socrates undermines state religion. In The Odyssey , Odysseus does not give an apology, but after he arrives home he realizes his self-understanding of the actions he took is all because of his need to be with his family again. Socrates demonstrates that his apology is an accurate account of his self by proving that Meletus does not care about how the young are brought up. Socrates says that he is brought up on charges of, “… corrupting the minds of the young, and of believing in supernatural things of his own invention instead of the gods recognized by the State” (48). Meletus claims that Socrates alone corrupts the youth, and that every Athenian besides Socrates improves the youth. Socrates says that Meletus, “has never given the slightest attention" to who actually corrupts young minds (48). Socrates demonstrates this by saying: Take the case of horses; do you believe that those who improve them make up the whole of mankind, and that there is only one person who has a bad effect on them? Or is the truth just
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2 the opposite, that the ability to improve them belongs to one person or to very few persons, who are horse-trainers, whereas most people, if they have to do with horse and make use of them, do them harm? (49) Socrates demonstrates that not only one person could corrupt the young. Socrates’ apology is an accurate account of himself because Socrates proves that Meletus does not care about the young, because has never thought about how young minds are brought up. Then Socrates moves on to demonstrate that his apology is an accurate account of his self, by
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This note was uploaded on 06/09/2011 for the course CORE 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Oglethorpe.

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final 1 - 1 Caffrey Francis November 1, 2010 Dr. Mcquillan...

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