Criminal Punishment in Western society lecture 1

Criminal Punishment in Western society lecture 1 -...

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Criminal Punishment in Western society 1) Sumner a) Folkways i) Rules that govern everyday life (1) Walking on the right side of the street (2) Being reserved in an elevator b) Mores i) Murder ii) Incest etc c) Social Control i) The various means by which members of society encourage conformity to norms (1) Informal (a) We treat people strangely if they don’t… Walk on the right side of the street (2) Formal (a) Enforced by the state (b) True Punishment 2) Theory a) Most common Paradigms in Sociology i) Social Conflict paradigm (1) The structures we have in place ensure that people in power stay that way ii) Structural Functional Paradigm (1) Framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system.  (a) Work together to promote solidarity
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b) Social Structure i) Any pattern of social behavior 3) Durkheim-structural functional paradigm a) NO good without evil b) No justice without crime
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